The Pros And Cons Of Digital Music Files

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Very much has changed about the way businesses and people in society handle their work and personal business. With the introduction of advancements in technology, a great many improvements have been made that have benefited us and helped improve our quality of living. The internet, for example, has greatly revolutionized the way we retrieve information, and it has also expanded our ways of communicating with one another. What could only be done through landline phones can now be done over the computer via instant messaging, chat rooms, and video conferencing.

How we communicate and how we conduct business are not the only things that have changed. One sector that plays an important role in a lot of people’s lives has also made great strides in technology. That sector is music and all things that are related to music.
The way we listen to music has changed, and the way we record our music has also changed as more instruments feature better ways of recording. From instruments to the very songs that we listen to, technology has definitely changed the way we utilize these things in our everyday lives.

First came the 8 track. Then the cassette tape. Then the compact disc, and now music is downloadable via the internet. The usual cost of a single song is about 99 cents, but some sites will offer whole albums at a discounted price, and sites like Zune allow unlimited downloads for just a few bucks every month. There is no need to buy an actual compact disc at a record store anymore, which has affected music stores nationwide. Many big music names, such as Wherehouse and Virgin, have shut down many, if not all, of their outlets.

The other bad side about digital music files is the issue of piracy, and it has cost many musicians millions of dollars in lost sales. File-sharing programs and sites are readily available and accessible by just about anyone who has access to a computer and the internet. Thus, these files can be uploaded onto a computer and shared freely over these file-sharing sites and programs. At the expense of musicians, all it takes is one person to buy these files, make them available on these sites or programs, and virtually anyone can download them.

There is no way to monitor each individual who downloads files that are protected by copyright laws, and it is up to the individual to decide whether or not they will or will not use these file-sharing sites or programs for their music.

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Cypherpunks Freedom and the Future of the Internet – Julian Assange with Jacob Appelbaum, Andy Muller-Maguhn and Jeremie Zimmermann
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Image by Iron Man Records
"Cypherpunks is gripping, vital reading, explaining clearly the way in which corporate and government control of the internet poses a fundamental threat to our freedom and democracy". — Oliver Stone

"Obligatory reading for everyone interested in the reality of our freedoms." — Slavoj Zizek

"The power of this book is that it breaks a silence. It marks an insurrection of subjugated knowledge that is, above all, a warning to all." — John Pilger

Buy Cypherpunks Freedom and the Future of the Internet here: stores.ebay.co.uk/Iron-Man-Shop

Cypherpunks are activists who advocate the widespread use of strong cryptography (writing in code) as a route to progressive change. Julian Assange, the editor-in-chief of and visionary behind WikiLeaks, has been a leading voice in the cypherpunk movement since its inception in the 1980s.

Now, in what is sure to be a wave-making new book, Assange brings together a small group of cutting-edge thinkers and activists from the front line of the battle for cyber-space to discuss whether electronic communications will emancipate or enslave us. Among the topics addressed are: Do Facebook and Google constitute "the greatest surveillance machine that ever existed," perpetually tracking our location, our contacts and our lives? Far from being victims of that surveillance, are most of us willing collaborators? Are there legitimate forms of surveillance, for instance in relation to the "Four Horsemen of the Infopocalypse" (money laundering, drugs, terrorism and pornography)? And do we have the ability, through conscious action and technological savvy, to resist this tide and secure a world where freedom is something which the Internet helps bring about?

The harassment of WikiLeaks and other Internet activists, together with attempts to introduce anti-file sharing legislation such as SOPA and ACTA, indicate that the politics of the Internet have reached a crossroads. In one direction lies a future that guarantees, in the watchwords of the cypherpunks, "privacy for the weak and transparency for the powerful"; in the other lies an Internet that allows government and large corporations to discover ever more about internet users while hiding their own activities. Assange and his co-discussants unpick the complex issues surrounding this crucial choice with clarity and engaging enthusiasm.

Publication November 2012 • 192 pages
Paperback ISBN 978-1-939293-00-8 • Ebook ISBN 978-1-939293-01-5

Julian Assange is the editor in chief of WikiLeaks. An original contributor to the cypherpunk mailing list, Assange is the author of numerous software projects in line with the cypherpunk philosophy, including the Rubberhose encryption system and the original code for WikiLeaks. An ‘ethical hacker’ in his teens, and subsequently an activist and internet service provider to Australia during the 1990s, he is the co-author (with Sulette Dreyfus) of Underground, a history of the international hacker movement. "Julian is currently a refugee under the protection of the government of Ecuador, and lives in the Ecuadorian embassy in London."

Jacob Appelbaum is a staff research scientist at the University of Washington, and a developer and advocate for the Tor Project, which is an online anonymity system for everyday people to fight against surveillance and against internet censorship.

Andy Müller-Maguhn is a long time member of, and former spokesman for, the Chaos Computer Club in Germany. A specialist on surveillance he runs a company called Cryptophone, which markets secure voice communication devices to commercial clients.

Jérémie Zimmermann is the co-founder and spokesperson for the citizen advocacy group La Quadrature du Net, the most prominent European organization defending anonymity rights online and promoting awareness of regulatory attacks on online freedoms.

AN EXCHANGE FROM CYPHERPUNKS:

JULIAN:
I want to look at what I see as a difference between a US cypherpunk perspective and the European perspective, which I think is quite interesting. The US Second Amendment is the right to bear arms. Just recently I was watching some footage that a friend shot in the US on the right to bear arms, and above a firearms store it says ‘Democracy, Locked and Loaded,’ and that’s the way that you ensure that you don’t have totalitarian regimes – that people are armed and if they are pissed off enough, then they simply take their arms and they retake control by force. Whether that argument is still valid now is actually an interesting one because of the difference in the types of arms that have occurred over the past 30 years. So, we can look back to this declaration that code-making, providing secret cryptographic codes that the government couldn’t spy on, was in fact a munition, and this big war that we fought in the 1990s to try and make cryptography available to everyone, which we largely won.

JAKE:
In the West?

JULIAN:
In the West we largely won and it’s in every browser – it is now perhaps being back-doored and subverted in different kinds of ways. The notion is that you cannot trust a government to implement the policies that it says that it is implementing, and so we must provide the underlying tools, cryptographic tools that we control, as a sort of use of force, in that if the ciphers are good no matter how hard it tries a government cannot break into your communications directly. Maybe it can put a bug in your house or whatever.

JAKE:
Force of authority is derived from violence. One must acknowledge with cryptography no amount of violence will ever solve the math problem.

JULIAN:
Exactly.

JAKE:
And this is the important key. It doesn’t mean you can’t be tortured, it doesn’t mean that they can’t try and bug your house or subvert it some way but it means that if they find an encrypted message it doesn’t matter if they have the force of the authority behind everything that they do, they cannot solve that math problem. This is the thing though that is totally non-obvious to people that are non-technical and it has to be driven home. If we could solve all of those math problems, it would be a different story and, of course, the government will be able to solve those math problems if anyone could.

JULIAN:
But it’s just a fact. It just happens to be a fact about reality, such as that you can build atomic bombs, that there are math problems that you can create that even the strongest state cannot directly break. I think that was tremendously appealing to Californian libertarians and others who believed in this sort of ‘democracy locked and loaded,’ and here was a very intellectual way of doing it – of a couple of individuals with cryptography standing up to the full power of the strongest suit of power in the world. And we’re still doing that a little bit, but I wonder, I have a view that the likely outcome is that those are really tremendously big economic forces and tremendously big political forces, like Jérémie was saying, and that the natural efficiencies of these technologies compared to the number of human beings will mean that slowly we will end up in a global totalitarian surveillance society. By totalitarian I mean a total surveillance, and that perhaps there’ll just be the last free living people – and these last free living people are those who understand how to use this cryptography to defend against this complete, total surveillance, and some people who are completely off-grid, neo-Luddites that have gone into the cave, or traditional tribes-people. And these traditional people have none of the efficiencies of a modern economy so their ability to act is very small. Are we headed for that sort of scenario?

JÉRÉMIE:
First of all, if you look at it from a market perspective, I’m convinced that there is a market in privacy that has been mostly left unexplored, so maybe there will be an economic drive for companies to develop tools that will give users the individual ability to control their data and communication. Maybe this is one way that we can solve that problem. I’m not sure it can work alone, but this may happen and we may not know it yet. Also it is interesting to see that what you’re describing is the power of the hackers, in a way – ‘hackers’ in the primary sense of the term, not a criminal. A hacker is a technology enthusiast, is somebody who likes to understand how technology works, not to be trapped into technology but to make it work better. I suppose that when you were five or seven you had a screwdriver and tried to open devices to understand what it was like inside. So, this is what being a hacker is, and hackers built the Internet for many reasons, also because it was fun, and they have developed it and have given the Internet to everybody else. Companies like Google and Facebook saw the opportunity to build business models based on capturing users’ personal data. But still we see a form of power in the hands of hackers and what is my primary interest these days is that we see these hackers gaining power, even in the political arenas. In the US there has been these SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act) and PIPA (Protect IP Act) legislations – violent copyright legislation that basically gives Hollywood the power to order any Internet company to restrict access and to censor the internet.

JULIAN:
And banking blockades like the one we’re suffering from.

JÉRÉMIE:
Exactly. What happened to WikiLeaks from the banking companies was becoming the standard method to fight the evil copyright pirates that killed Hollywood and so on. And we witnessed this tremendous uproar from civil society on the Internet – and not only in the US, it couldn’t have worked if it was only US citizens who rose up against SOPA and PIPA. It was people all around the world that participated, and hackers were at the core of it and were providing tools to the others to help participate in the public debate.

Find More Internet Piracy Articles

The Pirate Bay and Its Impact on the Internet

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Do you remember a time when the Internet was not that big yet and there were only a few sites that people went to? This was more than a decade ago and back then things such as mIRC and ICQ (chat relay services) were quite popular. In 2003, a file sharing site known as the Pirate Bay made its debut on the World Wide Web and the rest, as they say, is history. This was when file sharing and torrent downloading started to take bloom, and both of them have become staples of the Internet.

We all know that the Internet has a strong stand against piracy, and unfortunately for them one of the most popular sites on the web also happens to cater to “pirates.” Now while it might not actually be doing piracy directly, the Pirate Bay’s users are the ones who upload copyrighted content onto their servers. These files are converted into torrents and are downloaded with apps called torrent clients.

The Pirate Bay’s main purpose is to give users a place where they can share their files, so technically the site is not the one at fault. If the law enforcers really want to catch the true culprits, then they will have to find a way to arrest the thousands of users who upload their content on the site on a daily basis. So how much has the Pirate Bay impacted the Internet? For one thing, it has become synonymous with the term “free content” because that’s what its fans get from it.

If it were not for the Pirate Bay, then web users all over the world would not be able to enjoy the benefits of watching their favorite movies, playing their favorite games, and reading their favorite comic books for free. There are a ton of sites on the web that try to emulate the Pirate Bay in terms of what they do, but the torrents they produce will never be able to match the ones that the Pirate Bay has when it comes to quality. Isohunt, also known as “the Pirate Bay copy site”, is a good example of this.

The Pirate Bay has become so popular that even the world’s governments have been trying for years to get rid of it for good. In fact, the UK has already imposed a ban on the site, but users have still found a way to get access to Pirate Bay through the use of Pirate Bay reverse proxies. These proxies hide a user’s IP address so they can browse websites like the Pirate Bay without being detected.

So it is pretty safe to say that the Pirate Bay has become somewhat of a cultural icon of the digital age.

Natasha Vaughan – A retired bank manager who found joy and happiness in the world of Internet.

the Pirate Bay copy site,
access to Pirate Bay

Listen to Abe – Stop SOPA and PIPA
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Image by DonkeyHotey
"The Democracy of to-day hold the liberty of one man to be absolutely nothing, when in conflict with another man’s right of property. Republicans, on the contrary, are for both the man and the dollar; but in case of conflict, the man before the dollar." – Abraham Lincoln

In this case you might define Republican as "An advocate of a republic, a form of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is generally associated with the rule of law."

My point in using this quote is to highlight the fact that SOPA, PIPA, the DMCA and related laws are supporting the rights of property holders over the rights of speech and liberty. Very few people defend piracy , but it is not just to throw out due process of law to save a corporation some imaginary profits.

Do you want to share a relevant quote? Please do so in comments below.

Read the entire letter from Lincoln in the New York Times
Another Letter from Mr. Lincoln.; HIS VIEWS OF THE POLITICAL DOCTRINES ADVOCATED BY JEFFERSON.

THE WEB GOES ON STRIKE! Read All About It!

NOTE: After experiencing the day of protest about SOPA/PIP it is clear that the action could better be called a Web Blackout rather than a Strike.

TAKE ACTION! Google has a form.

NOTE: I decided to change to this current quote after I determined that the quote that I was using probably erroneous. That quote is: "America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves."

Related Internet Piracy Articles

How Internet Piracy Affects You

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By now, you should know that copying and distributing any copyrighted material is illegal and is called piracy. You should also know that having any of these pirated materials in your possession is also illegal. While there are some differences in the types of piracy, the end of the line is that it is illegal and you could be charged and even face jail time for downloading, burning, copying, selling or owning pirated materials.

Pirated materials are rife throughout the world, but especially in the Far East and Eastern Europe. It is easy to get a hold of these pirated versions of popular (and expensive) software; however, the costs can be many.

Not only may you find yourself with hefty fines for using and owning pirated material, you may also have problems with your computer. Many pirated software packages come complete with viruses that can tear down the foundation of your computer. The cost to repair damages done by some viruses can be incredible – rendering your computer useless in some cases and much data lost.

Internet piracy also affects the base cost of the product. The more that people steal the programs, the higher the cost of the programs in retail – companies are out to make a profit and if the guy down the street sells pirated versions of software, the company has to increase their price.

There are several types of software piracy, and these include:

End-user: a user copies software without the appropriate license. This can be as easy as purchasing one copy of software and using it on multiple computers in a business or home setting.

Pre-installed software: a manufacturer uses one copy of software and uses it on more than one computer that they are selling. Watch out when you purchase a new computer that the software comes with the appropriate license documentation stating that the software you have is licensed properly.

Internet: downloading copies of software through the Internet. If you are downloading material, ensure that the publisher of the software has authorized the distribution. There is quite a bit of “free ware” and “share ware” out there on the net, but be cautious that you aren’t downloading from a third party who does not have the right to offer these downloads.

Counterfeit: Illegal copies of software are made and then distributed in packages that are similar reproductions of the manufacturer packaging.

Online auction: There are several forms of online auction piracy, such as selling software that is labelled NFR (not for resale) or OEM software that is not authorized for sale by a third party.

Remember the rule of thumb: If it seems too good to be true, it probably is. If you have found a “sale” on software that seems too good to be true, chances are its pirated and illegal.

Pirated copies of software, including downloaded movies, music and more, affect everyone. These illegal copies are not “showing the companies” – it’s making everything more expensive at the retail level and copying these discs will become increasingly more difficult, to the point where we may not be able to afford them at all in any way shape or form (and thusly, if pirated, no newer versions will be released).

Mark Warner is a Legal Research Analyst for RealDealDocs.com. RealDealDocs gives you insider access to millions of legal documents drafted by the top law firms in the US. Search over 10 million Documents, Clauses, and Legal Agreements for Free at http://www.RealDealDocs.com

2012-03-17 – 001-007 – HDR
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Image by vmax137
Update 2015-07-11: CitiesXL isn’t for me but Cities Skylines by Colossal Order and published by Paradox Interactive is the spiritual successor to Simcity 4.

A view of South Lake Union and Queen Anne Hill after inspired by the official announcement that SimCity 5 has been under development with a February 2013 release date. This is one of those games that I would get without a second thought if it weren’t for the number of questionable incidents involving Electronic Arts’ Origin content delivery system. That aside SimCity 5 will feature curved roads, zoning, and a rigid-body dynamics physics engine. After almost a decade of waiting it’s great to see the continuation of a classic game series.

SimCity Announce Trailer Insider’s Look :
www.youtube.com/watch?v=T70evBJE93s&feature=player_em…
SimCity 5 developers Q&A on Reddit:
www.reddit.com/r/SimCity/comments/qp15f/maxis_iama_in_eas…

Update:
Even though a robust multi-player SimCity is something a lot of people wanted, the game series was always single player-centric where mobile users with no internet connection can play anytime. Additionally Electronic Arts is well-known for shutting down game servers after a few years rendering games to become partially functional or not at all. SimCity 4 was released in 2003 and I and many others up until the last few years have been playing it on and off. It’s unrealistic to expect companies to run servers indefinitely to begin with so gamers as well as fans have good reasons to believe that SimCity 5’s lifespan will be significantly less than its predecessors.
kotaku.com/5971235/cloud-computing-is-why-the-new-simcity…

Update – 2013-03-08:
It’s almost a year later and SimCity 5 has been released. From what I’ve seen the game discourages exploration by not allowing loading from an earlier save point which limits the educational aspect and fun in a sandbox simulator. I can see a hardcore game mode where decisions are permanent so emotional connections with cities are stronger, but this ain’t Fire Emblem. SC5 also traded scale for detail. It’s not the game that I wanted but parts of it looks like serious fun. Unfortunately just about everyone who’s not playing are on a SimCity Disaster Watch.

Maxis and Electronic Arts still make great games but EA as a publisher and distributor has the dubious distinction of being responsible for the worst roll-out in gaming history so far. An EA Korea Facebook manager’s accusation of piracy in Asian countries as a factor of server outages is a reminder that CEO or intern, anyone in a position dealing with the public are required to do their homework on the products and services they’re representing.

I still play Diablo 3 and while it’s annoying when servers are down I bought into the constant connection because I play public games often and sometimes the auction house can be played as a separate game in of itself. SimCity 5 offers regional play which is great but in single player mode the lack of reverting to a previous save and a saved city can only be loaded from their associated server aren’t compelling enough to require a constant internet connection.

While most people don’t care the digital rights management or DRM issue is a real and major reason for the constant internet connection, but not the only one. The elimination of the secondary used-games market and planned obsolescence by shutting down servers and forcing people to move to the next game iteration are also business strategies being tested.

EA has decided to give out a free game as an apology which is nice. But eating the transaction costs and giving a full refund to those who paid for a SC5 license would have been nicer, and a SC5 single player offline mode would have been the best solution. Voting with your wallet by itself is ineffective since it can be misinterpreted or even be invisible. There has to be communication, sometimes very emotional communication before large organizations can be motivated to change their course of action. I do feel bad for many of the developers and other creatives that worked hard on SC5 and hope their future projects will avoid everything that’s happening here.

Update – 2013-03-20:
Pretty much everything that’s happened so far:

kotaku.com/5991077/your-complete-guide-to-the-simcity-dis…

SC5 has been mostly stabilized so people are busy trying to break it to see its inner workings. Obviously all simulations require a certain amount of abstraction but investigations revealed that the simulation itself is broken where sims take the shortest path regardless of traffic and go to the first home or work they see each day. The reasons given for the constant internet connection were found to be less than truthful as well.

Partly because of this and various other reasons, EA’s CEO has been sacrificed and Origin is holding a gamer appreciation sale for PR damage control. Large publicly traded corporations are beholden to its investors and EA can’t revert back to when Trip Hawkins first founded it to help game developers so a change in culture can’t be expected to occur overnight. Still, there’s a lot of companies that don’t have the financial strength to ride out a bad Costa Concordia PR disaster so maybe this will deter them from making similar decisions.

SC5 is a great looking game but I can’t and won’t even pirate it. Security or ethical issues aside there’s no reason to because my limited game time and finances should be used to support good games, with the occasional sale. I’ll approach the next SimCity with a skeptical but still open mind though. Keep the art and audio assets, allow online as optional, fix the simulation engine and I just might be there.

kotaku.com/5989893/if-simcity-was-a-noir-film

The Fast Paced Development Of Technology And The Challenges This Presents To The Legal System

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The process of law making is notoriously long and drawn out, with Bills taking months or even years to pass into to law. In the realms of computer crime, where technology develops apace, this sometimes means that the law is left flagging dangerously behind.

An area where law particularly struggles to keep up with technology is in the prevention of breach of copyright by illegal distribution of intellectual property via the internet. For example, copyright law has struggled to keep up with the advent of peer-to-peer file sharing technology, so that downloading music illegally (‘digital piracy’) has become a commonplace activity for as many as seven million internet users in Britain. In January 2009, The Times newspaper reported that the government’s latest plans to combat internet pirates failed when a consensus could not be found between internet service providers (ISPs) and the music industry as to how to deal with them.

A key problem is where to draw the line between a teenager who downloads a handful of songs from their bedroom, and a server owner who uploads and distributes tens of thousands of pirated tracks and pieces of software. This may sound simple, but with hard drive capacity and internet bandwidth increasing all the time, the average teenager in their bedroom could easily possess thousands of illegal tracks without considering themselves a criminal. So by the time the lines are drawn, technology has moved on.

Another issue yet to be ironed out by the legal system is one of culpability. For example, in the case of illegal file sharing, it is not clear who should be prosecuted: the person who downloads the file, the person who uploads it to the internet, or indeed the software provider or internet service provider (ISP) who facilitated the transfer. In 2008, Britain’s six largest ISPs sent out warning letters to file sharers, but as this was not followed up by prosecutions, its effectiveness as a deterrent were minimal.

As computer criminals become more adept at covering their tracks, policing computer crime has also become increasingly difficult. Many crimes are now committed in the digital world and so there are often no physical leads available for the police to follow. This is where computer forensics comes in. Computer forensics is the analysis of electronic devices in order to produce legal evidence of a crime or unauthorised action. When a person is suspected of committing a crime, computer forensic analysts can scour the suspect’s computer for evidence such as deleted files, internet browsing histories or chat logs.

In response to the need for such investigations, the Association of Chief Police Officers has put guidelines in place to ensure that good practice is adhered to when collecting digital information for the purpose of law enforcement. The ACPO guidelines require computer evidence to be collected by qualified experts who keep an auditable trail of all work done. If this is not adhered to, any evidence recovered may be deemed inadmissible.

As technology progresses, it is likely that guidelines for the recovery of computer based evidence will need to be continually revisited to ensure they remain up-to-date, but there can be little doubt that computer forensics will play a key role in assisting the legal system in its race to keep up with the lightning pace of technological development.

IntaForensics a BS EN ISO 9001:2000 registered firm providing Computer Forensics, Expert Witness, Mobile Phone Forensics, and Forensic Data Recovery to the Legal Sector, Police Forces, Local Authorities and Commercial organisations internationally. Visit Computer Forensics for further information.

PROTECT IP / SOPA Breaks The Internet on Vimeo by Fight for the Future
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Image by jackieflynt
Tell Congress not to censor the internet NOW! – www.fightforthefuture.org/pipa

PROTECT-IP is a bill that has been introduced in the Senate and the House and is moving quickly through Congress. It gives the government and corporations the ability to censor the net, in the name of protecting "creativity". The law would let the government or corporations censor entire sites– they just have to convince a judge that the site is "dedicated to copyright infringement."

The government has already wrongly shut down sites without any recourse to the site owner. Under this bill, sharing a video with anything copyrighted in it, or what sites like Youtube and Twitter do, would be considered illegal behavior according to this bill.

According to the Congressional Budget Office, this bill would cost us million tax dollars a year — that’s for a fix that won’t work, disrupts the internet, stifles innovation, shuts out diverse voices, and censors the internet. This bill is bad for creativity and does not protect your rights.

Watch this video on Vimeo. Video created by Fight for the Future.

Downloading Punjabi Songs from The Internet – Is It Legal?

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If you enjoy listening to the latest Hindi and Punjabi songs on your cellphone or any other mobile device then you would definitely want to download a whole lot of these songs from the internet. There are plenty of sites that offer a number of Punjabi and Hindi songs for download and these sites are also very easy to use. You can find a large number of old and new Punjabi songs as well as Bollywood tunes on these sites. However you do need to consider whether every Punjabi songs download you do is legal so that you do not break any laws inadvertently.

Piracy is a major problem being faced by the entertainment industry. The people responsible for producing Bollywood songs and other musical works including religious and traditional tunes do not get paid for their efforts on account of this piracy. Every time a person does a Hindi songs download from a site that has acquired it illegally then he or she is depriving the singer and music producer of money whilst also supporting illegal activity. If you are interested in listening to songs online legally then you should do a few things to ensure that you stay on the right side of the law.

For one, make sure that you select a site that only features songs that are already in the public domain. This ensures that there is no chance of any copyright violations. Further, you should patronize a website that offers songs for the purpose of promotion or testing. You’ll be surprised to find out that there are quite a few sites that offer these songs. However, you do have to remember to delete the content you download within 24 hours of doing so. If you really enjoy a song then you should buy it from an authorized source so that you can keep it for as long as you require. In fact, perfectly legal sites always encourage you to buy songs from the correct source.

The best sites that offer songs for free download make sure that they update their content very frequently, using songs from legal sources. It is a good idea to look for one such site so that you can enjoy as much music as you want. Be sure to check that the downloadable content is of the best possible quality so that you have an enjoyable experience listening to them.

The people responsible for producing Bollywood songs and other musical works including religious and traditional tunes do not get paid for their efforts on account of this piracy.

digital makes us want more life
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Image by Will Lion
“What is happening is a reversal of history. Artists can no longer sell the products of their genius because the internet supplies it virtually for free. What can be sold is that genius in the flesh.”

Simon Jenkins commenting on the rise in demand for real, live experiences | Times Online

www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/simon_jenkin…

Image courtesy of Erica_Marshall: www.flickr.com/photos/erica_marshall/2481763728 (this citation appears on the image in the bottom left)

Simple Method To Download Wii Games

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Conducting a research and searching for records are some of the important things that everyone can do through the Internet. In addition to that, you can now do a Wii Games Download over the Internet too. That is a popular thing to do now by both avid and non-avid Wii game players. That is why it is undeniable that Wii is now on top when people talk about home gaming and entertainment.

There are two things that a person who wants to own a Wii should think about- the cost of the Wii console itself, and the price in obtaining those Wii games afterwards. However, that is no longer the case now since you already have an easy way to obtain these Wii games without affecting your budget. You can now turn to those membership sites that are available over the Internet. They offer unlimited free download as a return to the one-time charge that will be required for you to pay.

There are a lot of Wii download service providers online now that can help you Download Wii Games. It is your personal responsibility to select the best provider for you based on the service offerings that they have. Just a tip, that site that you should turn to must showcase a one-time fee, online convenience, unlimited download, spyware and virus-free database, money-back guarantee, and 24/7 support. If your site had these things, then you’re good to go with downloading.

A Wii is also a PC that can be easily attacked with viruses and several types of malware. A paid membership site that offers per download, limited time, and lifetime unlimited packages is the best place that a regular Wii player should turn to for safety reasons. On the other hand, those who are non-regular players can just go to those per download and limited time services. Nowadays, popularity is pin pointed to the use of those paid membership sites.

Wii games are intellectual property protected. That is why the act of downloading Free Wii Games is actually against the law, especially that which is imposed by Nintendo itself. Therefore, the question now will be if there’s no way that Wii games can be downloaded for free from the Internet now. Well, the Internet still provides access to these free games online. All you need to have is a computer with internet access and you’ll get all the games that you want.

Downloading these free Wii games depends on two important things- your country and your conscience. Various countries have different policies with regards to software piracy. Good for you if you belong to that country that does not have a strict policy on this act because you can just freely have those copyrighted materials online. On the other hand, your conscience also plays a role. It’s been known that piracy is stealing and since the authorities cannot easily monitor this illegal activity, it is your own moral that will tell you whether to continue downloading free Wii games or not.

Want to get a lifetime of problem-free unlimited Wii Downloadable Games? Simply sign up with the top rated Wii Games Download service.

Image from page 255 of “Hill’s album of biography and art : containing portraits and pen-sketches of many persons who have been and are prominent as religionists, military heroes, inventors, financiers, scientists, explorers, writers, physicians, actors,
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Identifier: hillsalbumofbiog00hill
Title: Hill’s album of biography and art : containing portraits and pen-sketches of many persons who have been and are prominent as religionists, military heroes, inventors, financiers, scientists, explorers, writers, physicians, actors, lawyers, musicians, artists, poets, sovereigns, humorists, orators and statesmen, together with chapters relating to history, science, and important work in which prominent people have been engaged at various periods of time
Year: 1887 (1880s)
Authors: Hill, Thomas E. (Thomas Edie), 1832-1915
Subjects: Biography Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Publisher: Chicago : Hill Standard Book Co.
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
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Text Appearing Before Image:
Eminent Lawyers, B. F. BUTLER. SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE. CHARLES OCONOR

Text Appearing After Image:
ENJA5IIN F. BUTLER, tlie Americanlawyer, politician and soldier, wasborn at Deerfield, N. H., in 1818.Few men of modern times have at-tuined such proficiency in the knowl-edge of international law. He waseducated at the Lowell high schooland at Wuterville, Maine, college;was admitted to the bar in 1841, andbecame a prosperous attorney, being es-pecially successful in criminal cases. In1853 he was elected a member of the lowerhouse of the Massachusetts legislature, andin 1859 a State senator. In 18G0 he waschosen a delegate to the National Demo-cratic conven- -^.^,^..tion at Charles- y*^ton, S. C., andwhen the con-vention divided he went to Baltimore withthe secedcrs, hut withdrew because hewould not remain in a convention thatapprovingly advocated the slave-trade,which by the laws of the country is piracy.In 1860 he was also Democratic candidatefor governor of Massachusetts, but wasdefeated. At the first call for Union troopsat the breaking out of the Southern rebel-lion, in 1801, he

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Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

Brent Davidson – MALA 5320 H1 – Technology in Communication
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An Introduction To Movie Downloads

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Finding legal movie downloads on the Internet is not easy. Many people would much prefer being able to download high quality movies of the Internet for free or for a minimal price and this is why many people use illegal file sharing activities.

Understandably, for many reasons, many people want to be able to download movies legally of the Internet. This is especially true if you have a fast connection with a great deal of bandwidth per month, which a lot of people have. To be able to use your connection to its fullest advantage and get the best value out of your Internet connection, being able to download movies would be a great thing.

However, if you want to buy movies online, it is quite a different story. Buying movies online is very easy and you can often save quite a lot of money. As you may well be aware of, there are various sites which sell movies and music amongst other things then you can often buy them much cheaper by buying from third parties sellers or even second hand. However, many people prefer to download movies.

Of course, you do need a fast connection to be able to take full advantage of movie download sites. Considering the average size of the movie is around 700 MB, on average DSL broadband connection, it will take several hours to download and movie. However, this isn’t too bad if you leave a few movies on to download overnight and it is a lot quicker than ordering them over the Internet and waiting for them to come in the post.

Nonetheless, you can have a faster Internet connection and summer the Internet connections available today will allow you to download a whole movie in less than half an hour. This means that you can have access to all the movies you could ever want and get a really big collection thus saving a lot of money and staining the right side of law.

While searching the Internet would definitely yield lots of results for legal movie downloads, many of the site should be avoided for various reasons. This is especially true if they say they are free. There is no way that a company can legally provide free movies without breaking the law.

Also, unfortunately many of these sites are restricted only to United States citizens. Nonetheless, there are exceptions and it is just a matter of trying to find them. One of the most famous is iTunes from Apple. However, you are required to use a certain player which can be restricted to some people.

These days, it cannot be stressed enough that it is very important for the film companies to provide proper online resources to legally download movies for a modest monthly subscription fee. Nobody can complain about the fairness of this and it would also help to stamp out piracy a great deal. Until this happens and on a much larger scale than it currently does, piracy is going to continue skyrocketing.

Or buy online movies if you want to add one to your collection. http://www.moviedownloadsites.net/Full_Game_Download.html When you start looking around for movie download services see who has the best offer. Also you can find Divx downloads out there, that’s when you might need to add some software to your computer.

Swedish Pirate
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Image by Earthworm
Rick Falkvinge, who founded the Swedish Pirate Party, came to speak at Stanford about the issue of copyright laws vs. civil rights. When he pointed out how the enforcing of copyright infringement laws in this era of digital everything would mean government surveilance of all documents between any two parties, it was immediately clear that this was the road to Big Brother hell. Whistleblowers, for instance, would be flushed out before they could do damage. Homos would be ousted from conservative arenas.

He said something interesting re: the gay community. "If you don’t have the right to private communication, an individual cannot form an identity."

The Pirate Party wants to stop copyright laws beyond commercial distribution. In other words, once a work is commercially distributed ie. a movie, a song, a game, a software program, it should be available to everyone to pass around from person to person without restriction. Trademarks, however, are okay because they protect the consumer and reduce transaction costs, he says, while infringement by the average crook is negligeable.

Not everyone was buying into his platform though. One student wanted him to tell us how a garage band is going to make money if it can’t sell a piece of music. He only said that the student was asking for a new business model implying that he wasn’t there to provide that. What he did say was that we had to think of a new way to sell our artistic endeavors as a service and not a commodity or a product.

The Pirate Party envisions the internet as one big public library and I like that idea too. He also envisions that the hoarding of patents to keep ideas from being produced (like what Hoover wanted to do to Dyson’s vaccuum cleaner idea) would be stopped.

I’ve never much liked the idea of ideas being patented and scientists not sharing their discoveries with everyone, but now that I’m going to be publishing a book, I, along with my colleagues who have produced "intellectual property", were hoping for a little passive income stream to finance our retirement. The pirate party is suggesting that copyrights be limited to five years because, as Rick points out, most of the money made by a blockbuster movie is made in the first weekend.

True enough, but only a handful of English speakers in my home town are going to be interested in my book during the opening weekend. It’s the fifteen years following that I was hoping to grow the book’s popularity in a niche market. I would have to hope that people would pay for the "service" of having a book in book format even though they could download it off the net. (Of course someone is going to have to be interested enough to provide the book for digital file sharing in the first place.)

Find More Internet Piracy Articles

Finding ways to Fight Music Piracy

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You might remember when Napster was the next big threat to the music industry not long ago when it was the big thing. This file sharing service used peer-to-peer technology to allow people to do music downloads for free from computers that belonged to other Napster customers.

The Napster explosion brought with it numerous violations of copyright and issues with music piracy. Music artists went through damaging dips to their sales and revenue, and that was the source of deep worry for the music industry.

The popularity of Napster and other P2P networks showed that people were OK with the idea of downloading music for free if they could. Napster went into bankruptcy after failing to win a legal battle with several music labels.

Apple’s iTunes then served as a savior for the industry by providing a way for people to legally download music for a fee. While music piracy is not totally banished, it has certainly lessened.

In making a model to fight music piracy, there are certain things it must do to become effective among music consumers. The elements that must be in place to fight music piracy include…

*It has to be convenient to use.

The new music access solution It must be easy to access and to use. Sometimes legal tools for downloading music requires a certain amount of technical savvy, users can become discouraged with confusing interfaces. When the tools to use the software are convenient, more music customers will use it.

* Provide a variety in search abilities and ease of use.

It is crucial that the music download site have a wide selection of songs. It is just as important that the songs are not hard to find. Ease of use is something illegal downloading sites fail to offer because of the service is free.

* Make them feel secure.

P2p file sharing programs scare people because of the potential that is there to download a virus along with their music from one of the free music services. Users are happy to pay for their music if they can get the music they want that danger.

* Costs that make sense.

When music companies Use the Internet to release music. that cuts down on the costs of album distribution and sales. The ?middle men? are taken out of the picture. This means that it makes sense that the price for the music goes down.

The elimination of the cost of creating hard copy album, CD when digital music is downloaded is out of the picture too. The result is that your online customers should be able to get their digital music for a reduced cost.

The music industry has have learned a great deal about What people think about illegal file sharing. Contrary to what was believed, people want to pay for the music made by their favorite artists and they do not like the idea of stealing the music that they love

Music fans, though, also want the variety, the convenience, the security and realistic cost that come from getting their music online. Every year, more legal online music downloading sites are giving their customers what they want and the result is that they are generating a new income stream for musicians and music companies. This approach is a long term solution.

There is only one online resource you need to learn how to tap the power of sensory branding to help your marketing efforts and that online resource is DMX.

CISPA extinct monsters
internet piracy
Image by Mataparda
Imagen original extraida de Extinct monsters; a popular account of some of the larger forms of ancient animal life (1896) en archive.org (Lámina XII), pero descubierta a través del recomendable blog BibliOdyssey, con un fragmento de texto de la EFF

Para El #Manifiesto en la red

Rogers’ “Cybersecurity” Bill Is Broad Enough to Use Against WikiLeaks and The Pirate Bay

Congress is doing it again: they’re proposing overbroad regulations that could have dire consequences for our Internet ecology. The Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act of 2011 (H.R. 3523), introduced by Rep. Mike Rogers and Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger, allows companies or the government1 free rein to bypass existing laws in order to monitor communications, filter content, or potentially even shut down access to online services for “cybersecurity purposes.” Companies are encouraged to share data with the government and with one another, and the government can share data in return. The idea is to facilitate detection of and defense against a serious cyber threat, but the definitions in the bill go well beyond that. The language is so broad it could be used as a blunt instrument to attack websites like The Pirate Bay or WikiLeaks. Join EFF in calling on Congress to stop the Rogers’ cybersecurity bill.

Under the proposed legislation, a company that protects itself or other companies against “cybersecurity threats” can “use cybersecurity systems to identify and obtain cyber threat information to protect the rights and property” of the company under threat. But because “us[ing] cybersecurity systems” is incredibly vague, it could be interpreted to mean monitoring email, filtering content, or even blocking access to sites. A company acting on a “cybersecurity threat” would be able to bypass all existing laws, including laws prohibiting telcos from routinely monitoring communications, so long as it acted in “good faith.”

The broad language around what constitutes a cybersecurity threat leaves the door wide open for abuse. For example, the bill defines “cyber threat intelligence” and “cybersecurity purpose” to include “theft or misappropriation of private or government information, intellectual property, or personally identifiable information.”

Yes, intellectual property. It’s a little piece of SOPA wrapped up in a bill that’s supposedly designed to facilitate detection of and defense against cybersecurity threats. The language is so vague that an ISP could use it to monitor communications of subscribers for potential infringement of intellectual property. An ISP could even interpret this bill as allowing them to block accounts believed to be infringing, block access to websites like The Pirate Bay believed to carry infringing content, or take other measures provided they claimed it was motivated by cybersecurity concerns.

The language of “theft or misappropriation of private or government information” is equally concerning. Regardless of the intent of this language, the end result is that the government and Internet companies could use this language to block sites like WikiLeaks and NewYorkTimes.com, both of which have published classified information. Online publishers like WikiLeaks are currently afforded protection under the First Amendment; receiving and publishing classified documents from a whistleblower is a common journalistic practice. While there’s uncertainty about whether the Espionage Act could be brought to bear against WikiLeaks, it is difficult to imagine a situation where the Espionage Act would apply to WikiLeaks without equally applying to the New York Times, the Washington Post, and in fact everyone who reads about the cablegate releases. But under Rogers’ cybersecurity proposal, the government would have new, powerful tools to go after WikiLeaks. By claiming that WikiLeaks constituted “cyber threat intelligence” (aka “theft or misappropriation of private or government information”), the government may be empowering itself and other companies to monitor and block the site. This means that the previous tactics used to silence WikiLeaks—including a financial blockade and shutting down their accounts with online service providers—could be supplemented by very direct means. The government could proclaim that WikiLeaks constitutes a cybersecurity threat and have new, broad powers to filter and block communication with the journalistic website.

Congress is intent on passing cybersecurity legislation this year, and there are multiple proposals in the House and the Senate under debate. But none is as poorly drafted and dangerously vague as the Rogers bill. We need to stop this bill in its tracks, before it can advance in the House and before the authors can negotiate to place this overbroad language into other cybersecurity proposals.

Internet security is a serious problem that needs to be addressed. But we don’t need to sacrifice our civil liberties to do so.

Know Software Piracy

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Software piracy substantially reduces the achievable revenue for software creators. Software pirates prefer to act from countries where legal support in prosecuting malign subjects is very poor to not existent at all, so that the software provider remains often unable to enforce his license terms. There are a number of ways that manufacturers try to circumvent people from copying material that they are not authorized to copy. This is includes providing a registration key, which is a group of numbers and letters that must be inputed in the required area in order to access the material. In addition, the key is only available to a person after purchasing the material.

The usual target is the account pin, passwords, addresses, etc. The Windows programs are also not spared from the malware; they are primarily prevented from loading and from performing the assigned functions. Because of this, Windows is left in a state of defenselessness since its core features have been blocked. The biggest blow is the malfunctioning of Task Manager. It is the initial program the malware would stop from loading. This way, it can maintain its position and control of the system. You have to immediately react to this infection by performing the proper removal method. There are two you can choose from.

Other forms of spam email including phishing attacks which are designed to trick you into providing your personal information such as passwords and account details. Antivirus software protects you from spam by scanning your emails for dangerous attachments and filtering spam from unknown or suspicious sources.In order to protect your computer from harmful viruses you should look for antivirus software that comes with a firewall. If a hacker sees your computer has a firewall it can deter them from trying to infiltrate your system. A firewall works by closing all the internet ports you are not using on your computer.

Automatic removal involves a few clicks. There is less risk involved. As a professional, I even use it myself, and recommend it as well to friends, family, and clients. The best feature of the automatic removal tools that I use is that the software I recommend protects the user’s PC against future malware mutations. Active protection against future viruses is extremely important, based on how many viruses are released every day.

The big problem with all of the people getting your product free is that they are potential customers that now will no longer buy your software. So you lose a lot of sales and a lot of profit in the process. Worse, the more people who get your product without paying, the more devalued your software becomes. The good news is, there are some things you can do to stop thieves and protect software, download pages, and digital downloads. And it is all much simpler, faster, and easier than you might think. The solution to all this is to get software protection and make sure that your download pages are secured.

Want to know more about software piracy, Get detailed information on code protection.

Tear Free Internet
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Image by aforgrave
SOPA was in the news today. Wikipedia was dark. Flickr had an optional "darkening" of photos to raise awareness.

The Daily Create assignment prompt:
#tdcsopa – Create an image that reflects SOPA in your eyes.

The original image, "ablution," is by 10 Ninjas Steve, licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Wider music community: What will happen to the music distribution industry in the UK as the government cracks down on illegal download music?

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“Internet users who illegally download music, movies and e-books will be sent warning letters in a crackdown that could lead to court action for copyright theft,” say the Daily Mail. “A new regime to tackle online piracy will in effect treat individuals as ‘guilty until proven innocent’.” Those wrongly accused of pirating download musicwill have to pay a £20 fee to appeal in a move that has angered consumer groups but given hope to the music community.

“The controls on internet piracy, due to come into effect in early 2014, were outlined yesterday by the broadcasting regulator Ofcom under the Digital Economy Act 2010,” explains the Daily Mail article. “The same Act includes punishments that could, in future, see accused families having their internet service slowed down, capped or even cut off. A music distribution industry code will require large internet service providers (ISPs) such as BT, Virgin, Sky and TalkTalk to send warning letters to families suspected by entertainment firms of illegal download music activity or uploading copyright material.If a customer gets three letters or more within a year, copyright holders such as movie and music companies will have a right to ask for details of the material involved. These companies will then be able to apply for a court order requiring the ISP to reveal the customer’s name and address.
The information would be used to pursue the person involved through the civil courts for damages. However, there are concerns that innocent internet users, for example those whose wireless connections are hijacked by a neighbour or criminal, will be caught up in the new regime.Those sent a warning letter will be assumed guilty unless they can prove their innocence after paying a £20 fee to appeal to an Ofcom body.”

Mike O’Connor, of the customer body Consumer Focus, said: ‘Copyright infringement is not to be condoned, but people who are innocent should not have to pay a fee to challenge accusations. It could deter those living on low incomes from challenging unfair allegations.’ If the new system does not stop piracy, ministers will be able to go back to Parliament to enact rules in the Digital Economy Act that could see households having their internet service cut off.
‘The ability to appeal is therefore critical to ensure consumers who have done nothing wrong are not deprived of internet access further down the line,’ said Mr O’Connor. Creative industries minister Ed Vaizey said entertainment firms had to be able to ‘protect their investment’, adding: ‘The Digital Economy Act is an important part of protecting our creative industries against unlawful activity.’ Ofcom’s Claudio Pollack said: ‘Ofcom will oversee a fair appeals process, and also ensure that rights holders’ investigations under the code are rigorous and transparent.’

I understand the consumer groups’ concern but piracy is just not something the music community, and the wider community should accept anymore. We all love to listen to music, discover new bands and share new music. But we as a music community need to be wary of the danger to the new bands and new music if we download music illegally. Music distribution is an industry like all the others. Why do we think it’s different for musicians? They want to sell music online so that they can make money to live. It’s important that the music community take responsibility for music distribution. We need to take charge. We need to buy and sell music online so there can even be a music distribution industry. How can musicians eat if they aren’t paid for their work? Even when they sell music online it gets plagiarized.

We as the music community should understand that new bands cannot be made if we continue to download music illegally. The new music will simply not be made if the artists can’t sell music online. The music distribution industry will be killed along with the creativity. The time is now, music community, to stand up and do something about it so that new bands will be able to have a future. They will also need to learn how to promote a band in the age of audio samples, though! It’s not just about sticking with the status quo. To sell music online in this day and age is the only way to make any money. People are not buying CDs anymore. But how do we stop people from stealing download music? Music websites like Songeist.com are doing their part to win the war on illegal audio samples. Now, music community, what are you going to do?

John Robert write for music communities and bands for more information on music distribution, new bands, new music and audio samples please visit songeist.com.

Share!
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Image by Perrenque
Sharing
By: Kevin Roberts, CEO Saatchi & Saatchi

Anyone in the creative industry has to feel for music and movie businesses as they battle piracy and file sharing. The desire for FREE on the Internet is a huge challenge to anyone who produces digital entertainment. I think that emerging from the torrent of files containing movies, TV shows, and music tracks that are being forwarded from computer to computer, is a word that will have a terrific impact on our future. That word is share.

In a world where the environment is under threat and credit is harder to find than a CEO on a lunch break, the ability to share – and come up with products that encourage sharing – is a new frontier for innovation. We’re already familiar with some prescient examples, like Zipcar. They set out to help people without cars to share one for a limited time but are inspired by a larger purpose: to enable simple and responsible urban living. You want to pick your mother up from the airport? Zipcar is a great solution to do what you need to do.

The Internet is a virtual machine for sharing – YouTube to share your creativity; Facebook to share your life; Second Life to share your dreams; Wikipedia to share your knowledge and eBay to share your belongings! This is sharing as a way to get more value – and who doesn’t have that near the top of their agenda? It’s not about less but about better. One efficient lawn mower for the street. A full set of home handy tools for an apartment building. Where it gets interesting is the emotional adjustments people are prepared to make. However hard we try to encourage our kids to share, anyone with a two-year-old knows that it doesn’t come naturally! Sharing is a skill born of empathy. We learn it as we learn how to work and play together and to make compromises that benefit us all. Sharing can inspire a renewed sense of community and belonging. Who doesn’t want to have that as part of their life? I believe that making things to share will become a trillion dollar industry as we work together to make the world a better place for us all to live in.

Share this thought with a friend.

krconnect.blogspot.com/2009/03/sharing.html

BTW, thanks Sergiorecaberren for sharing this pic with me
www.flickr.com/photos/sergiorecabarren/

Please note my acknowledgements, sources and creative commons licence was cut off at end of video for some reason when I uploaded it. See below for full information:

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
To view a copy of this license, visit
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/.

Acknowledgements and Sources:

Bruns, A. (2010). Distributed Creativity: Filesharing and Produsage. In S. Sonvilla-Weiss (Ed.), Mashup Cultures. Vienna: Springer.

Burgess, J, & Green, J. (2009). The Entrepreneurial Vlogger: Participatory Culture Beyond the Professional-Amateur Divide. In P. Vonderau & P. Snickars (Eds.), The YouTube Reader (pp. 89-107): National Library of Sweden.

Jenkins, Henry. (2004). The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 7(1), 33-43. doi: 10.1177/1367877904040603

Jenkins, Henry. (2009a, 18/02/2009). If It Doesn’t Spread, It’s Dead (Part Four): Thinking Through the Gift Economy Retrieved from http://henryjenkins.org/2009/02/if_it_doesnt_spread_its_dead_p_3.html

Jenkins, Henry. (2009b, 16/02/2009). If It Doesn’t Spread, It’s Dead (Part Three): The Gift Economy and Commodity Culture. Retrieved from http://henryjenkins.org/2009/02/if_it_doesnt_spread_its_dead_p_2.html

Kalina, Paul. (2014, 26/06/2014). Australia a world leader in TV piracy. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22/08/2014, from http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/tv-and-radio/australia-a-world-leader-in-tv-piracy-20140623-zsfto.html

Klein, Jacob. (2013, 07/02/2014). How Much Does an HBO Subscription Cost These Days? Retrieved 15/08/2014, from http://hbowatch.com/how-much-does-an-hbo-subscription-cost-these-days/

Leaver, T. (2008). Watching Battlestar Galactica in Australia and the Tyranny of Digital Distance. Media International Australia, Incorporating Culture & Policy, 126, 145-154.

Leaver, T. (2010, 09/01/2010). FlashForward or FlashBack: Television Distribution in 2010. Flow TV. 9(10). Retrieved 22/08/2014, from http://flowtv.org/2010/01/flashforward-or-flashback-television-distribution-in-2010-tama-leaver-curtin-university-of-technology/

LeMay, Renai. (2013, 03/04/2013). Despite quick, cheap, legal option, Australia still top Games of Thrones pirating nation. Delimiter. Retrieved 15/08/2014, from http://delimiter.com.au/2013/04/03/despite-quick-cheap-legal-option-australia-still-top-games-of-thrones-pirating-nation/

LeMay, Renai. (2014, 03/02/2014). Screw you, Australia: Game of Thrones goes Foxtel-only. Delminiter. Retrieved 15/08/2014, from http://delimiter.com.au/2014/02/03/screw-australia-game-thrones-goes-foxtel/

Manovich, L. (2009). The Practice of Everyday (Media) Life: From Mass Consumption to Mass Cultural Production? Critical Inquiry, 35(2), 319-331. doi: 10.1086/596645

mezclaconfusa. (2012, 11/02/2012). Games of Thrones. Retrieved 10/08/2014, from https://http://www.flickr.com/photos/59087292@N07/6855051531/

Newman, Michael Z. (2009, 03/04/2009). P2P TV: Ethical Considerations. Flow TV. 9(10). from http://flowtv.org/2009/04/p2p-tv-ethical-considerationsmichael-z-newman-university-of-wisconsin-milwaukee/

Reynolds, Megan. (2014, 08/04/2014). Piracy: Australians lead the world for illegal downloads of Game of Thrones. MumBRELLA.

Retrieved 15/08/2014, from http://mumbrella.com.au/australia-leads-way-illegal-downloads-game-thrones-219249

Wikstrom, P. (2010). The Social and Creative Music Fan The Music Industry: Music in the Cloud (pp. 147-169): Polity.
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