What do you mean by Copyright? Copyright is the form of safety provided by laws of United States to authors of the “unique works of authorship” that includes dramatic, musical, literary, creative, and architectural with few other logical works.
This safety is accessible to be published as well as unpublished works. Material in “public domain” is rational property, which will not come under the copyright laws. Almost all work prior to 20th Century is not at all copyrighted. United States Copyright Office has placed together very clear summaries of copyrights.
If you have made some original work, and you have published it online, you are automatically granted the copyright to that particular work. Others might not make use of your work apart from very clear rule, established in law, though you did not file for copyright at US Copyright Office. If your work is copied as well as published online by the copyright infringe, then there are some remedies accessible. They are cheap and simple to use. If you wish to recover certain damages against somebody who has dishonored your copyright, you have to register your work with US Copyright Office or if somebody has copied as well as republished your content, plus you want to discontinue their web page from emerging on Google, Yahoo, MSN, and other search engines, or else you want to have their website taken down from the Internet this are good enough in the majority cases.
Internet and Copyright: “The Internet is characterized as one of the largest dangers to copyright from its inception. Internet is soaked in information, lots of with unstable degrees of copyright security. The copyrighted works on Net comprise of news stories, graphics, pictures, novels, screenplays, software, Usenet text and email. In fact, frightening actuality is that about everything on Net is secluded by the copyright law. That can cause problems for unfortunate surfer.
What is secluded on WWW? Unique underlying design of the Web page and contents includes original text, audio, video, links, graphics, html, vrml as well as other exclusive markup language series. List of different Web sites compiled by the individual or organization and all the other unique elements, which make up original nature of a material.
When making a Web page, you will be able to link to some other Web sites you can use free graphics on the Web page. If graphics are not presented as “free,” they must not be copied devoid of permission.
When making a Web page, you will not be able to put contents of some other person’s or groups website on your particular Web page. You can copy and paste information as one from different Internet sources in order to make “your own” article. Slot in other people’s material, like e-mail, in your personal document, without any permission. Also forward someone else e-mail to a different recipient without permission. Change context or edit somebody else’s digital correspondence in such a way that it changes the entire meaning.
Lots of aspects on the issue of copyright as well as Internet have still not determined. This information, should serve as very useful guide in order to help you stay away from violation of the copyright rules and pitfalls of unintentionally plagiarizing somebody else’s material.
The Online Copyright Handbook covers scores of issues and breaks them down so that you can really use the information! Build Your Website inbound links for 1$
You can read a Senate version of the bill in this PDF.
Sculpture of the "Spirit of Justice" from the Great Hall, 2nd floor of the Department of Justice in Washington D.C. The artist, Carl Paul Jennewein, created this aluminum sculpture in 1935. The dimensions are 12′ 6" tall x 48" in diameter. The CC image used in this post is from my Flickr photostream. The source for this image of the "Spirit of Justice" is a another great photo by Carol M. Highsmith and available via the Library of Congress.
The image has been cropped, exposure increased, contrast increased, and the color is adjusted. The "Spirit of Justice" is holding a web page of the Protect IP Act pdf.
Downloading movies for free has brought in loads of convenience for movie lovers. No need to look for online tickets or head to the theater. Its all here waiting to be downloaded. With a broadband Internet connection, you can get a movie downloaded in a matter of 2 or 3 hours. Now that video compression is around, you can get an entire movie recorded into one DVD. Free DVD rips are now making their presence felt online, and with good quality as well. But with all this comes the danger of free piracy movie download.
Downloading must be done is a safe and secure manner. If youre encouraging piracy you may have to face the law. You need to check out if the site youre downloading from is legal to ensure you dont indulge in free piracy movie download. At least check out if the site maintains your anonymity by blocking your IP, as the fact remains that free movie download sites have inevitably pirated stuff and your IP address could be tracked by the anti-piracy agencies. Unless youre part of file sharing among your friends (peer-to-peer P2P), which isnt part of counterfeiting for profit, the danger of getting caught remains. P2P network is indeed quite helpful and serves to share audio and video files as well as data files.
The arrival of broadband in 1997 triggered the increasing spread of warez or pirated software. With higher speeds came faster downloads, making transfer of files of large sizes hassle-free. Along with online pirated versions of expensive software and even different versions of the Windows operating system were available free piracy movie downloads as well. Now you can literally download a movie for free even before others have watched it the legal way.
If you desperately want to download movies its better to obtain paid movies from legal sites you can easily find online. Youll be free from the charge of promoting free piracy movie download and avoid the risk of getting caught as piracy tracking agencies and even movie production houses are always on the quest to track piracy online through clever techniques, albeit the pirates inevitably emerge smarter. That may not always be the case, though, and you could be the one the spotlight falls on.
Ardent movie fans may not find spending money on legal movie downloads fun, but its the right thing to do. You still get to watch them from your armchair.
Make Sure To Visit DownloadNexus.com For Your Free Guide To “Finding The Best Download Sources”
There are good and bad sites out there, I’ll show you which ones you can trust.
What would you say if you were told that you were losing thousands upon thousands of dollars on a piece of software that you have created and are trying to make a profit off of? Well, it is the truth. Software piracy is a problem that has brought the software industry to a near standstill, costing the industry billions of dollars each and every year in lost revenue, not to mention thousands upon thousands of software and IT jobs in the United States.
Something must be done about the issue of software piracy but what? Copyright infringement is a faceless crime; the victim is often the hard working programmer but the assailant could be anybody; you could look them in the face and not know who they are. For this reason, it is important to protect your digital media as much as you possibly can because of all intellectual property is it at the most risk of infringement by others, and those who can take advantage of a weak security process or a hole in programming certainly will.
The world is full of those who want to profit from something that they had no part in. It has been going on since the beginning of time and the only difference now is that technology has allowed people to take advantage of the work of others like never before, as well as giving them an even more efficient means of distributing and even profiting from the work of others. It seems you don’t have to have a software programming degree or experience to make money selling computer programs or similar digital media; all you have to do is be the proud owner of a CD or DVD burner and maybe even a few good hacking skills.
Good digital rights management techniques are necessary now more than ever before. Unfortunately it is another investment in its own but there are services out there that are making good digital rights management services more and more affordable, just to offset the enormous killing that software piracy is causing to the industry.
If you have created a software program, take the necessary steps to prevent it form being copied or utilized by others to make a profit. A computer program or video game, picture or e-book is just as important as a painting or novel and it is just as wrong to sell and distribute one as the other. Without having appropriate digital rights management procedures in place you are leaving yourself open to an unnamed amount of money in profits. Do the right thing and protect your digital property somehow or another.
Think of all of the digital media that flows through the internet, such as e-books, copyrighted images, articles, software, and other things. The internet is not as secure as it could and probably should be, and if you are one of those people who are using the computer and Internet to your advantage to gain a skill and gain something monetary from it, you are more at risk than ever before.
Just why is that, you ask? It is rather simple. As technology advances and gives you the tools and capabilities necessary to create innovative products it also gives other people out there license to take it and that can fast defeat the purpose of creating software to sell for profit in the first place.
If you were creating something for fair use and share with other people, digital rights management would not be important but in the case that you are creating something to make available to customers for a price, digital rights management is an important thing to take into consideration. For every person that takes your software or product and comes by it illegally or immorally, they are bound to share it with at least one person. That not only takes out of your pocket what you are due by their having possession of your product but it also doubles that due to their likelihood to share it with another person.
Luckily, there are services out there for people who do not have their own method of digital rights management in place. Service like Lock It Now! And Software Defender provides photographers, e-book creators and software entrepreneurs the opportunity to protect their product with an automated registration verification system, protecting you against repeat ‘refunders’ (those who order your product just to copy it and request a refund of their money, thereby having obtained your product for free).
Copyright infringement and software piracy are as real as any computer program, e-book or digital image out there so it is important to make sure that you take the necessary steps to protect your intellectual property from people who care not to pay for the things in life that they want.
Rod Beckwith is a successful software and services publisher that has created “Lock It Now!,” which protects digital products from piracy, refunds and chargebacks. For more info click on the link. Lock It Now!
A Bitcoin You Can Flip
Image by jurvetson
My son has become fascinated with bitcoins, and so I had to get him a tangible one for Xmas (thanks Sim1!). The public key is imprinted visibly on the tamper-evident holographic film, and the private key lies underneath.
I too was fascinated by digital cash back in college, and more specifically by the asymmetric mathematical transforms underlying public-key crypto and digital blind signatures.
I remembered a technical paper I wrote, but could not find it. A desktop search revealed an essay that I completely forgot, something that I had recovered from my archives of floppy discs (while I still could).
It is an article I wrote for the school newspaper in 1994. Ironically, Microsoft Word could not open this ancient Microsoft Word file format, but the free text editors could.
What a fun time capsule, below, with some choice naivetés…
I am trying to reconstruct what I was thinking, and wondering if it makes any sense. I think I was arguing that a bulletproof framework for digital cash (and what better testing ground) could be used to secure a digital container for executable code on a rental basis. So the expression of an idea — the specific code, or runtime service — is locked in a secure container. The idea would be to prevent copying instead of punishing after the fact. Micro-currency and micro-code seem like similar exercises in regulating the single use of an issued number.
Now that the Bitcoin experiment is underway, do you know of anyone writing about it as an alternative framework for intellectual property?
IP and Digital Cash
@NORMAL: Digital Cash and the “Intellectual Property” Oxymoron
By Steve Jurvetson
Many of us will soon be working in the information services or technology industries which are currently tangled in a bramble patch of intellectual property law. As the law struggles to find coherency and an internally-consistent logic for intellectual property (IP) protection, digital encryption technologies may provide a better solution — from the perspective of reducing litigation, exploiting the inherent benefits of an information-based business model, and preserving a free economy of ideas.
Bullet-proof digital cash technology, which is now emerging, can provide a protected “cryptographic container” for intellectual expressions, thereby preserving traditional notions of intellectual property that protect specific instantiations of an idea rather than the idea itself. For example, it seems reasonable that Intuit should be able to protect against the widespread duplication of their Quicken software (the expression of an idea), but they should not be able to patent the underlying idea of single-entry bookkeeping. There are strong economic incentives for digital cash to develop and for those techniques to be adapted for IP protection — to create a protected container or expression of an idea. The rapid march of information technology has strained the evolution of IP law, but rather than patching the law, information technology itself may provide a more coherent solution.
Information Wants To Be Free
Currently, IP law is enigmatic because it is expanding to a domain for which it was not initially intended. In developing the U.S. Constitution, Thomas Jefferson argued that ideas should freely transverse the globe, and that ideas were fundamentally different from material goods. He concluded that “Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property.” The issues surrounding IP come into sharp focus as we shift to being more of an information-based economy.
The use of e-mail and local TV footage helps disseminate information around the globe and can be a force for democracy — as seen in the TV footage from Chechen, the use of modems in Prague during the Velvet Revolution, and the e-mail and TV from Tianammen Square. Even Gorbachev used a video camera to show what was happening after he was kidnapped. What appears to be an inherent force for democracy runs into problems when it becomes the subject of property.
As higher-level programming languages become more like natural languages, it will become increasingly difficult to distinguish the idea from the code. Language precedes thought, as Jean-Louis Gassée is fond of saying, and our language is the framework for the formulation and expression of our ideas. Restricting software will increasingly be indistinguishable from restricting freedom of speech.
An economy of ideas and human attention depends on the continuous and free exchange of ideas. Because of the associative nature of memory processes, no idea is detached from others. This begs the question, is intellectual property an oxymoron?
Intellectual Property Law is a Patch
John Perry Barlow, former Grateful Dead lyricist and co-founder (with Mitch Kapor) of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, argues that “Intellectual property law cannot be patched, retrofitted or expanded to contain digitized expression… Faith in law will not be an effective strategy for high-tech companies. Law adapts by continuous increments and at a pace second only to geology. Technology advances in lunging jerks. Real-world conditions will continue to change at a blinding pace, and the law will lag further behind, more profoundly confused. This mismatch may prove impossible to overcome.”
From its origins in the Industrial Revolution where the invention of tools took on a new importance, patent and copyright law has protected the physical conveyance of an idea, and not the idea itself. The physical expression is like a container for an idea. But with the emerging information superhighway, the “container” is becoming more ethereal, and it is disappearing altogether. Whether it’s e-mail today, or the future goods of the Information Age, the “expressions” of ideas will be voltage conditions darting around the net, very much like thoughts. The fleeting copy of an image in RAM is not very different that the fleeting image on the retina.
The digitization of all forms of information — from books to songs to images to multimedia — detaches information from the physical plane where IP law has always found definition and precedent. Patents cannot be granted for abstract ideas or algorithms, yet courts have recently upheld the patentability of software as long as it is operating a physical machine or causing a physical result. Copyright law is even more of a patch. The U.S. Copyright Act of 1976 requires that works be fixed in a durable medium, and where an idea and its expression are inseparable, the merger doctrine dictates that the expression cannot be copyrighted. E-mail is not currently copyrightable because it is not a reduction to tangible form. So of course, there is a proposal to amend these copyright provisions. In recent rulings, Lotus won its case that Borland’s Quattro Pro spreadsheet copied elements of Lotus 123’s look and feel, yet Apple lost a similar case versus Microsoft and HP. As Professor Bagley points out in her new text, “It is difficult to reconcile under the total concept and feel test the results in the Apple and Lotus cases.” Given the inconsistencies and economic significance of these issues, it is no surprise that swarms of lawyers are studying to practice in the IP arena.
Back in the early days of Microsoft, Bill Gates wrote an inflammatory “Open Letter to Hobbyists” in which he alleged that “most of you steal your software … and should be kicked out of any club meeting you show up at.” He presented the economic argument that piracy prevents proper profit streams and “prevents good software from being written.” Now we have Windows.
But seriously, if we continue to believe that the value of information is based on scarcity, as it is with physical objects, we will continue to patch laws that are contrary to the nature of information, which in many cases increases in value with distribution. Small, fast moving companies (like Netscape and Id) protect their ideas by getting to the marketplace quicker than their larger competitors who base their protection on fear and litigation.
The patent office is woefully understaffed and unable to judge the nuances of software. Comptons was initially granted a patent that covered virtually all multimedia technology. When they tried to collect royalties, Microsoft pushed the Patent Office to overturn the patent. In 1992, Software Advertising Corp received a patent for “displaying and integrating commercial advertisements with computer software.” That’s like patenting the concept of a radio commercial. In 1993, a DEC engineer received a patent on just two lines of machine code commonly used in object-oriented programming. CompuServe announced this month that they plan to collect royalties on the widely used GIF file format for images.
The Patent Office has issued well over 12,000 software patents, and a programmer can unknowingly be in violation of any them. Microsoft had to pay 0MM to STAC in February 1994 for violating their patent on data compression. The penalties can be costly, but so can a patent search. Many of the software patents don’t have the words “computer,” “software,” “program,” or “algorithm” in their abstracts. “Software patents turn every decision you make while writing a program into a legal risk,” says Richard Stallman, founder of the League for Programming Freedom. “They make writing a large program like crossing a minefield. Each step has a small chance of stepping on a patent and blowing you up.” The very notion of seventeen years of patent protection in the fast moving software industry seems absurd. MS-DOS did not exist seventeen years ago.
IP law faces the additional wrinkle of jurisdictional issues. Where has an Internet crime taken place? In the country or state in which the computer server resides? Many nations do not have the same intellectual property laws as the U.S. Even within the U.S., the law can be tough to enforce; for example, a group of music publishers sued CompuServe for the digital distribution of copyrighted music. A complication is that CompuServe has no knowledge of the activity since it occurs in the flood of bits transferring between its subscribers
The tension seen in making digital copies revolves around the issue of property. But unlike the theft of material goods, copying does not deprive the owner of their possessions. With digital piracy, it is less a clear ethical issue of theft, and more an abstract notion that you are undermining the business model of an artist or software developer. The distinction between ethics and laws often revolves around their enforceability. Before copy machines, it was hard to make a book, and so it was obvious and visible if someone was copying your work. In the digital age, copying is lightning fast and difficult to detect. Given ethical ambiguity, convenience, and anonymity, it is no wonder we see a cultural shift with regard to digital ethics.
Piracy, Plagiarism and Pilfering
We copy music. We are seldom diligent with our footnotes. We wonder where we’ve seen Strat-man’s PIE and the four slices before. We forward e-mail that may contain text from a copyrighted news publication. The SCBA estimates that 51% of satellite dishes have illegal descramblers. John Perry Barlow estimates that 90% of personal hard drives have some pirated software on them.
Or as last month’s Red Herring editorial points out, “this atmosphere of electronic piracy seems to have in turn spawned a freer attitude than ever toward good old-fashioned plagiarism.” Articles from major publications and WSJ columns appear and circulate widely on the Internet. Computer Pictures magazine replicated a complete article on multimedia databases from New Media magazine, and then publicly apologized.
Music and voice samples are an increasingly common art form, from 2 Live Crew to Negativland to local bands like Voice Farm and Consolidated. Peter Gabriel embraces the shift to repositioned content; “Traditionally, the artist has been the final arbiter of his work. He delivered it and it stood on its own. In the interactive world, artists will also be the suppliers of information and collage material, which people can either accept as is, or manipulate to create their own art. It’s part of the shift from skill-based work to decision-making and editing work.”
But many traditionalists resist the change. Museums are hesitant to embrace digital art because it is impossible to distinguish the original from a copy; according to a curator at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, “The art world is scared to death of this stuff.” The Digital Audio Tape debate also illustrated the paranoia; the music industry first insisted that these DAT recorders had to purposely introduce static into the digital copies they made, and then they settled for an embedded code that limited the number of successive copies that could be made from the a master source.
For a healthier reaction, look at the phenomenally successful business models of Mosaic/Netscape and Id Software, the twisted creator of Doom. Just as McAfee built a business on shareware, Netscape and Id encourage widespread free distribution of their product. But once you want support from Netscape, or the higher levels of the Doom game, then you have to pay. For industries with strong demand-side economies of scale, such as Netscape web browsers or Safe-TCL intelligent agents, the creators have exploited the economies of information distribution. Software products are especially susceptible to increasing returns with scale, as are networking products and most of the information technology industries.
Yet, the Software Publishers Association reports that 1993 worldwide losses to piracy of business application software totaled .45 billion. They also estimated that 89% of software units in Korea were counterfeit. And China has 29 factories, some state-owned, that press 75 million pirated CDs per year, largely for export. GATT will impose the U.S. notions of intellectual property on a world that sees the issue very differently.
Clearly there are strong economic incentives to protect intellectual property, and reasonable arguments can be made for software patents and digital copyright, but the complexities of legal enforcement will be outrun and potentially obviated by the relatively rapid developments of another technology, digital cash and cryptography.
Digital Cash and the IP Lock
Digital cash is in some ways an extreme example of digital “property” — since it cannot be copied, it is possessed by one entity at a time, and it is static and non-perishable. If the techniques for protecting against pilferage and piracy work in the domain of cash, then they can be used to “protect” other properties by being embedded in them. If I wanted to copy-protect an “original” work of digital art, digital cash techniques be used as the “container” to protect intellectual property in the old style. A bullet-proof digital cash scheme would inevitably be adapted by those who stand to gain from the current system. Such as Bill Gates.
Several companies are developing technologies for electronic commerce. On January 12, several High-Tech Club members attended the Cybermania conference on electronic commerce with the CEOs of Intuit, CyberCash, Enter TV and The Lightspan Partnership. According to Scott Cook, CEO of Intuit, the motivations for digital cash are anonymity and efficient small-transaction Internet commerce. Anonymity preserves our privacy in the age of increasingly intrusive “database marketing” based on credit card purchase patterns and other personal information. Of course, it also has tax-evasion implications. For Internet commerce, cash is more efficient and easier to use than a credit card for small transactions.
“A lot of people will spend nickels on the Internet,” says Dan Lynch of CyberCash. Banks will soon exchange your current cash for cyber-tokens, or a “bag of bits” which you can spend freely on the Internet. A competitor based in the Netherlands called DigiCash has a Web page with numerous articles on electronic money and fully functional demo of their technology. You can get some free cash from them and spend it at some of their allied vendors.
Digital cash is a compelling technology. Wired magazine calls it the “killer application for electronic networks which will change the global economy.” Handling and fraud costs for the paper money system are growing as digital color copiers and ATMs proliferate. Donald Gleason, President of the Smart Card Enterprise unit of Electronic Payment Services argues that “Cash is a nightmare. It costs money handlers in the U.S. alone approximately billion a year to move the stuff… Bills and coinage will increasingly be replaced by some sort of electronic equivalent.” Even a Citibank VP, Sholom Rosen, agrees that “There are going to be winners and losers, but everybody is going to play.”
The digital cash schemes use a blind digital signature and a central repository to protect against piracy and privacy violations. On the privacy issue, the techniques used have been mathematically proven to be protected against privacy violations. The bank cannot trace how the cash is being used or who is using it. Embedded in these schemes are powerful digital cryptography techniques which have recently been spread in the commercial domain (RSA Data Security is a leader in this field and will be speaking to the High Tech Club on January 19).
To protect against piracy requires some extra work. As soon as I have a digital bill on my Mac hard drive, I will want to make a copy, and I can. (Many companies have busted their picks trying to copy protect files from hackers. It will never work.). The difference is that I can only spend the bill once. The copy is worthless. This is possible because every bill has a unique encrypted identifier. In spending the bill, my computer checks with the centralized repository which verifies that my particular bill is still unspent. Once I spend it, it cannot be spent again. As with many electronic transactions today, the safety of the system depends on the integrity of a centralized computer, or what Dan Lynch calls “the big database in the sky.”
One of the most important limitations of the digital cash techniques is that they are tethered to a transaction between at least three parties — a buyer, seller and central repository. So, to use such a scheme to protect intellectual property, would require networked computers and “live” files that have to dial up and check in with the repository to be operational. There are many compelling applications for this, including voter registration, voting tabulation, and the registration of digital artwork originals.
When I asked Dan Lynch about the use of his technology for intellectual property protection, he agreed that the bits that now represent a bill could be used for any number of things, from medical records to photographs. A digital photograph could hide a digital signature in its low-order bits, and it would be imperceptible to the user. But those bits could be used with a registry of proper image owners, and could be used to prove misappropriation or sampling of the image by others.
Technology author Steven Levy has been researching cryptography for Wired magazine, and he responded to my e-mail questions with the reply “You are on the right track in thinking that crypto can preserve IP. I know of several attempts to forward plans to do so.” Digital cash may provide a “crypto-container” to preserve traditional notions of intellectual property.
The transaction tether limits the short-term applicability of these schemes for software copy protection. They won’t work on an isolated computer. This certainly would slow its adoption for mobile computers since the wireless networking infrastructure is so nascent. But with Windows ’95 bundling network connectivity, soon most computers will be network-ready — at least for the Microsoft network. And now that Bill Gates is acquiring Intuit, instead of dollar bills, we will have Bill dollars.
The transaction tether is also a logistical headache with current slow networks, which may hinder its adoption for mass-market applications. For example, if someone forwards a copyrighted e-mail, the recipient may have to have their computer do the repository check before they could see the text of the e-mail. E-mail is slow enough today, but in the near future, these techniques of verifying IP permissions and paying appropriate royalties in digital cash could be background processes on a preemptive multitasking computer (Windows ’95 or Mac OS System 8). The digital cash schemes are consistent with other trends in software distribution and development — specifically software rental and object-oriented “applets” with nested royalty payments. They are also consistent with the document-centric vision of Open Doc and OLE.
The user of the future would start working on their stationary. When it’s clear they are doing some text entry, the word processor would be downloaded and rented for its current usage. Digital pennies would trickle back to the people who wrote or inspired the various portions of the core program. As you use other software applets, such as a spell-checker, it would be downloaded as needed. By renting applets, or potentially finer-grained software objects, the licensing royalties would be automatically tabulated and exchanged, and software piracy would require heroic efforts. Intellectual property would become precisely that — property in a market economy, under lock by its “creator,” and Bill Gates’ 1975 lament over software piracy may now be addressed 20 years later.
——–end of paper———–
On further reflection, I must have been thinking of executable code (where the runtime requires a cloud connect to authenticate) and not passive media. Verification has been a pain, but perhaps it’s seamless in a web-services future. Cloud apps and digital cash depend on it, so why not the code itself.
I don’t see it as particularly useful for still images (but it could verify the official owner of any unique bundle of pixels, in the sense that you can "own" a sufficiently large number, but not the essence of a work of art or derivative works). Frankly, I’m not sure about non-interactive content in general, like pure video playback. "Fixing" software IP alone would be a big enough accomplishment.
As the Internet is evolving, it’s becoming easier and easier to download and stream movies and music illegally. How badly is this hurting the entertainment industry? Laci discusses a shocking new study saying that a good amount of people that pirate content also purchase a lot of music and movies!
Go to http://www.audiblepodcast.com/dnews to get a FREE Audiobook of your choice when you sign up today.
File-Sharers Buy 30% More Music Than Non-P2P Peers
“One of the most comprehensive studies into media sharing and consumption habits in the United States and Germany reveals that file-sharers buy 30% more music than their non-sharing counterparts.”
Study Finds Pirates 10 Times More Likely To Buy Music
“Piracy may be the bane of the music industry but according to a new study, it may also be its engine. A report from the BI Norwegian School of Management has found that those who download music illegally are also 10 times more likely to pay for songs than those who don’t.”
Portsmouth University Study Show Movie Pirates’ Motives
“People who illegally download billions of pounds worth of movies also love going to the cinema and do not mind paying to watch movies, according to researchers at the University of Portsmouth.”
No Stopping Illegal Downloads
TestTube Wild Card
Will Internet Kill Religion?
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Almost from the first computer software commercially sold, software pirates have flourished. The international trade in pirated software mirrors criminal activities of other kinds such as drug trafficking – it has its own subculture, jargon, and connections.
It is important to distinguish between stolen software and free or open source software. In fact, the vast majority of software available even today is:
* open source – the source code is available and the software is released under public use for learning, modification, and even redistribution. * freeware – written by students and hobbyists and given away for free without source code. * free software – free as in “freedom”, open source under the GNU public license. * shareware – given away as a sample with the option to pay a small fee to get the full version. * demoware – given away as a free sample of a commercial product. * charityware – like freeware or shareware, but the user is urged to donate to a charity as “payment” if they feel motivated to.
“Pirated software”, as opposed to the above categories, is software produced by a commercial company and sold to the public under a restrictive proprietary license, which has then had its copy-protection cracked and is now being illegally resold or traded.
Originally, there was no such thing as software piracy, because programs to run on computers were simply seen as a non-income commodity. All software was free and open, with computer labs, government contractors, and college students all freely writing and sharing software. then the idea that software could be sold for money took hold, as computers matured and showed up on the home market. Many in the computing community took offense to this notion, and so there is an undercurrent of resentment and justification felt even today, along with the pure profit motive.
The original software pirates were the “Warez Kids”. These were hobbyist home computer owners who put up bulletin board systems, abbreviated to “BBS”s, for the purpose of posting free copies of cracked software titles online. The “free” part actually means that you have to upload some of your own cracked software before downloading the BBS-hosted supply, and thus this was termed a ‘ratio’ site, where typically you’d have to upload two programs for every one you downloaded.
The “Warez” name comes from a deliberate misspelling of “wares”, for software, and the “cute” misspelling of words is a distinct marker of the culture. Thus, at the same site where you obtain “warez”, you might also get “filez” (illicit copies of private documents, manuals, and such), “codez” (cheat codes for cracking software), “serialz” (serial numbers which unlock software for paid use), “numberz” (stolen credit card numbers on the side), “Pr0n” (for pornographic media) and so on. The creative typing gets much more elaborate, with permutations such as “DO0d” for dude, “1337” for elite, etc. Much of this slang is now tracked by online references such as the famous Jargon File. Note that not everybody who types like this online is a software pirate; general Internet users have quickly adopted warez terms as a humorous irony.
Today’s permutation of the BBS culture is now the World Wide Web-hosted piracy websites, which have changed little but for the medium in which they are deployed. There is little distinction between pirated software and pirated media (such as ripped DVD movies, MP3 music files, and the like). The piracy market has moved out of basements of teenagers and become an international and mainstream business, quite possibly the world’s largest profitable business. The various laws and tolerance of different countries have ensured that the faceless software pirates online can anonymously hop their servers from one site to another, with very little hampering by authorities. For every site which gets busted, another one pops up.
In many countries outside the United States, software and especially media piracy is seen as no big deal and possibly even encouraged by their government. The prices for software in some countries are so high relative to their economy that stealing it is the only way they’d ever have it! Not to single out one country in a global problem, but a recent conference in Romania revealed that 80% of their software was cracked copies – this at a table where none less than Bill Gates, CEO of Microsoft Incorporated, himself was attending! Along with Microsoft, Adobe systems media software is the other owner of the two most frequently cracked and redistributed software brands.
The drive to halt piracy is a continuing struggle. It is an arms race, in which the companies come up with increasingly more elaborate means of locking down their software and pirates come up with better and better electronic “lockpicks”. The wide variety of “zero-day” exploits, in which software is cracked and posted online on the very same day it hits the market (accompanied by much bragging by the pirate) indicates the scope of the problem.
You can work to discourage this practice by:
* bringing these pirates to justice, using international cooperation between law enforcement agencies. Much of the Internet will thank you, even if it isn’t their software that is stolen, because pirates also clog the Internet with spam and viruses. * protect your network from linking to or visiting these sites. Amongst many, Google and other search engines remove these sites whenever they’re discovered, and various agencies online blacklist these sites as well. * encourage the use of free and open source software and copyright-free media such as work released under the creative commons license.
Are you aware of how much money you are losing if you sell digital products on the internet. Digital piracy is becoming an ever increasing problem for anyone who delivers digital products of any kind including PDF files, software, ebooks, video’s, software and so on. As the internet grows so does illegal access to protected content. Don’t you think It’s time you start protecting your digital assets?
As amazing as this might seem over half of internet user feel that it OK to share protected content. Due to the internet being the information highway most user don’t even realize how big a problem digital piracy has become. The problem has now grown into a multi billion dollar a year industry.
You are probably thinking to yourself that the majority of loss is with large companies like Microsoft or the record industry and to a certain extent you are correct. But, by not protecting digital assets internet marketers, writers, and software developers are taking a big hit and it is costing most more than they realize.
If you sell digital products than you know that most shopping carts have built in protection systems but what is protecting your files after that? What about the percentage of sales that you end up refunding? I can’t count how many times someone has purchased an ebook from me, downloaded the file, and then asked for a refund just minutes later. There was no possible way that they could have read my book that fast. Wouldn’t you consider that to be digital piracy? If I would have had digital download protection software I could have repossessed my files.
Look at the financial side of digital piracy. Just for sake of example lets estimate your software sales at 150 per month on a product that sells for $ 45. That would be a total of $ 6,750 per month. If your average refunds are 10% of your purchases than you lost $ 675 or $ 8,100 over the course of a year. That is a lot of money to me but piracy doesn’t stop there. Many of your files are probably being shared on forums or with your buyers friends and family. Some may even be sold illegally.
The whole thought of losing that much money is probably making you sick to your stomach. Well don’t fret because there are now products which can completely stop all types of piracy. There are not very many but there are some out there. When you want to stop losing money there are some things you will want to look for when analyzing available digital download protection products.
Look for a feature rich product which has the ability to lock your files, disable them, and repossess them. I would definitely purchase a product that offered unlimited file protection. To prevent sharing look for products that track usage. Products that allow you to set Expiration dates and trial periods can really pay off for you.
The sooner you start protecting your digital products the sooner your income will start to grow. You will start to see more sales, less refunds, and more money in the bank! Wouldn’t it be absolutely priceless to see the look on the face of one of your customers who refunded their product and then tried to use it.
Beofe you purchase any digital download protection software on the internet be sure to check out M. E. Millers awesome review of Digital Download Protection and Digital Piracy
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The Internet blacklist legislation—known as PROTECT IP Act (PIPA) in the Senate and Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) in the House—invites Internet security risks, threatens online speech, and hampers innovation on the Web. (blacklists.eff.org)
We have all heard of programs that allow you to share information, software, and music with other Internet users. This is often referred to as file sharing. Sometimes, file sharing is perfectly acceptable, such as when people are sharing free information or open source and free software programs. However, the ease of sharing these files also makes it very easy to share software that is copyrighted. This is considered software piracy and it is very much against the law.
If you have ever taken part in software piracy, then you have put yourself at risk of facing legal consequences. Different countries have varying laws and punishments pertaining to piracy of software and other intellectual property. However, if you live in the United States of America you may face criminal charges and fines of up to $ 250,000. Other countries like Sweden and Germany also have stringent piracy laws.
If you participate in peer to peer file sharing programs, then there is a chance that you may be caught by authorities. U.S. Federal agents regularly make sweeps of peer to peer file sharing networks in attempts to capture IP addresses of people who are participating in software piracy. Any time that you connect to another computer to take a pirated piece of software, you may actually be connecting to a Federal computer which will log your IP address and then be used to find your location.
Although it is tempting to get something for free, there is no way that participating in any kind of software piracy is worth it in the long run. There are incredibly steep fines and there is a chance that you will face jail time if you are caught. If you are unable to afford a piece of software, a good alternative would be to search the Internet for an open source program that is similar. Open source programs are completely free to use because they have been developed by the general Internet community and do not belong to any one person or group.
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Much of the internet took part in a major protest today against the proposed SOPA and PIPA legistlation – laws that under the guise of fighting piracy would give the government the power to significantly damage the fundemantal openness of the internet. Google blacked out their logo. Wikipedia went dark. Wired censored their headlines.
With the swift advancement of technology, most of the business fields are frequently threatened by an evil called piracy. Piracy is rampant in many creative and technology based industries. Here we will be discussing the movie industry, which is very badly hit by piracy.
Movie piracy has become a rampant and flourishing business for a large number of people. And even the general masses accept the evil as it is helping them to save a lot of money. The easy availability and pocket friendly street price tags have made the music piracy and movie piracy industry a million dollar industry throughout the world.
The movie piracy industry has become so widespread that it is causing great loss for the film producers and as well as the distributors who invest a huge sum of money for the making of each film. Movie piracy alone has cost the United States economy $ 20.5 billion per year in loss of business, jobs, wages and taxes, according to a recent market study.
The film industry for years has fought a war against movie piracy. The scenario has reached such an alarming stage that illegal copies of new films are easily available through street DVD sales or Internet download within days, or in some cases, before a movie’s hall release. The recent study also shows that a growing number of illegal sites are offering new movies for a free download. Though the authenticity of these downloadable movies is surely questionable, the movie buffs and those who want free entertainment are profusely downloading these movies from such illegal sites.
Many organizations all around the world had tried different ways to tackle movie piracy but nothing effective could be done till now. In the United States of America the organization named Motion Picture Association of America warned against a growing global epidemic of movie piracy. The organization also conducted a study on the Internet where it showed that nearly one fourth of the Internet users have illegally downloaded movies from the Internet.
It is quite an astonishing and disturbing fact that most of the people who buy pirated DVDs or CDs or download pirated movies from the Internet do not know that they are committing a crime or an offence. They are also unaware of the fact that they are the cause for the loss of jobs to a lot of people.
The study was conducted by an organization that queried three thousand and six hundred Internet users in eight countries about online movie piracy. The study was performed in France, Germany, Australia, Italy, Korea, Japan, the U.K., and the USA. The survey showed that online movie piracy is growing too fast and most of the users are not even aware of the offence.
The increasing simplicity of downloading movies through a fast and efficient broadband connection, and the invention of compression technologies and extensive availability of new releases as well as the old classics online, are some of the main factors which attract consumers to download without giving it a second thought. The very high movie ticket prices also tempt people to buy pirated DVDs from the street shops.
When software is pirated, consumers, software developers, and resellers are harmed. The ever increasing availability of high speed internet must also surely play a large part in the piracy “market”. Software piracy gave a sharp awakening to copyright infringement counsels around the world. Those who knowingly use a copy of software “borrowed” from work or supplied by friends, who probably acquired it by the same means. If downloads are made available on the Internet, make sure that the publisher has authorized this distribution. The term software piracy is used in reference to the copying and selling for profit of copyrighted software without permission of the copyright holder.
Software Piracy is so rampant in Asia; it will be a surprise if any software maker claims profits from Asia. If you have ever taken part in software piracy, then you have put yourself at risk of facing legal consequences. The plaintiff led evidence by way of affidavits establishing their strong presence in the field of software and the ownership of computer programmes including various operating systems. In recent news, the software giant Microsoft is suing a reseller because of the sale of pirated software. Never provide a direct download link for your product–meaning never link to the product’s file on any server.
The government also intends to protect US intellectual property through various trade agreements. A number of factors contribute to the regional differences in piracy, including local-market size, the availability of pirated software. When you purchase a software package for your ministry, it’s not quite the same as buying a tangible item, such as a paper shredder. The coder has not included a few cardinal features in a demo edition, this returns piracy useless. The world is full of those who want to profit from something that they had no part in. One of the most popular forms of piracy is the use of one registered package on different systems. Computer game companies are one of the mostly impaired industries by pirates.
First and foremost the software can get you into a lot of trouble with the law; you could in fact face imprisonment or a heavy fine, from using various type of illegal software. Every year there are billions of dollars loses due to pirate software and the figure is increasing double digits each year. Watch out when you purchase a new computer that the software comes with the appropriate license documentation stating that the software you have is licensed properly.
En las últimas semanas he visto varios artículos y posts sobre el proyecto de ley S.O.P.A. que utilizan como ilustración fotos de platos de sopa. Ante este horror he hecho esta ilustración para el blog el manifiesto en la red. Si alguien quiere usarla , adelante!, es Dominio Público, repito.
In recent weeks I have seen several articles and posts on the SOPA bill using as illustration photos of soup ("sopa" in spanish) dishes. Facing with this horror I made this illustration for the blog themanifestoonthenet . So if you want to use it, go ahead!, Is Public Domain, I repeat.
So you want the latest music release, but you’ve run out of credits on iTunes. It’s on all of your friend’s iPods, you know they got it illegally off the internet, and now you are tempted to do the same. Before rushing off into the seedy world of internet piracy, there are a few things you may want to know that could keep you from incurring costs that force you to the payday loan office.
There are many arguments out there for and against the ethics of illegal downloading. Some argue that it is blatant thievery, a complete disrespect for the law, and should be punished to the full extent. It is no surprise that most of these sentiments are vocalized by record company executives and musicians. These people generally claim that by downloading music illegally, internet users are stealing musician’s hard work and taking away opportunities from up and coming talent. On the other hand, many argue that taking 99 cents from a multi-millionaire can hardly be seen as stealing, and that such arguments fail to understand that the majority of a band’s money is made through concerts. Those who take this side tend to cast record executives as greedy capitalists who should be undermined for the greater good. Neither of these sides ever really focuses on the pragmatics of illegal downloading, which can be far more compelling of an argument.
Illegal downloading can save you money in the short term, as you can acquire movies, music etc. freely. However, should you get caught, be aware that the fines for illegal downloading are very high. A student in Boston was recently fined $ 675,000 for downloading and sharing thirty songs on the internet, and a woman in Minnesota was fined $ 1.9 million for illegally downloading 24 songs. We are likely to see more of these staggering fines imposed on illegal downloaders, as lawyers and executives are cracking down on the growing problem of internet piracy. The fees per song range from the relatively minor $ 750 to the major $ 80,000. This is much more than any payday lender will advance you, so should you find yourself in this situation you may have to look elsewhere for help.
In addition to the legal costs of downloading pirated music and movies, you stand the very real chance of being stuck with computer costs as well. File sharing networks are notorious havens for computer viruses. These can range from the relatively benign to the entirely destructive. Even benign viruses can require a trip to the Geek Squad for those of us who are not experts in the field. A simple virus may be gone with a few clicks of a button, but more sophisticated ones will require you to reformat and reinstall your operating system or, even worse, require you to replace your computer completely. Although the latter situation is rare, it can and does happen. Thus, when confronted with the temptation to download music illegally off the internet, you need decide whether the immediate savings of 99 cents is worth the possibility of having to take out a cash advance to cover the costs of a new computer.
While several arguments abound for the ethics of internet piracy, the practical consequences can be much more compelling of a reason to keep away from such sites. Saving a couple dollars is just not worth the financial and legal trouble you could find yourself in.
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All eyes in the film and music industries are currently focused on the start of the major trial of four men in Sweden who are charged with facilitating the distribution of copyrighted material on the internet.
The trial, which is anticipated to be the most significant internet piracy case in recent times, concerns the Swedish file-sharing website Pirate Bay. The site facilitates the illegal downloading of music, games and films through a data-sharing protocol called BitTorrent. The four men accused face a possible fine of £100,000 and a maximum prison sentence of two years.
The case of Pirate Bay highlights what a hot topic the enforcement of copyright has become since the advent of the internet. The website under fire has 25 million users worldwide and is financially backed by advertising. Pirate Bay is an example of a prevalent problem which is threatening to seriously harm the wellbeing and sustainability of the film and music industries.
Evidence of the industries’ desire to protect their intellectual property and the extent to which they are financially suffering because of piracy, is evidenced by the civil claim for compensation against Pirate Bay, which the industries are themselves simultaneously bringing to court. Those from the music industry are seeking 2.2 million Euros in compensation, while members of the film industry believe they are entitled to 10.9 million Euros for losses incurred as a result of Pirate Bay’s activities.
The four defendants in the Pirate Bay case represent the other school of thought which staunchly challenges the protection of intellectual property by copyright laws. The website was established by Piratbyran, a Swedish organisation which fights against copyright laws.
It is anticipated that those defending the four Pirate Bay men will argue that the site is legal under Swedish law because it neither stores copyrighted material, nor hosts the exchanging of files itself. Instead the website acts as a directory enabling its users to find each other with the intension of illegally sharing copyrighted material. It also provides the user with all the necessary information needed to do this.
Members of the film and music industries will undoubtedly be hoping for a landmark ruling which will serve a significant blow to internet piracy and act as a deterrent to those considering breeching copyright law on the internet. Both members of the media industries and intellectual property lawyers will be closely watching the outcome of this case, which is likely to have a profound effect either way.
Those responsible for Pirate Bay remain adamant that the site will continue, whatever the outcome of the trial, relocating to another country if necessary.
Andrew Regan writes for a digital marketing agency. This article has been commissioned by a client of said agency. This article is not designed to promote, but should be considered professional content.