Software piracy substantially reduces the achievable revenue for software creators. Software pirates prefer to act from countries where legal support in prosecuting malign subjects is very poor to not existent at all, so that the software provider remains often unable to enforce his license terms. There are a number of ways that manufacturers try to circumvent people from copying material that they are not authorized to copy. This is includes providing a registration key, which is a group of numbers and letters that must be inputed in the required area in order to access the material. In addition, the key is only available to a person after purchasing the material.
The usual target is the account pin, passwords, addresses, etc. The Windows programs are also not spared from the malware; they are primarily prevented from loading and from performing the assigned functions. Because of this, Windows is left in a state of defenselessness since its core features have been blocked. The biggest blow is the malfunctioning of Task Manager. It is the initial program the malware would stop from loading. This way, it can maintain its position and control of the system. You have to immediately react to this infection by performing the proper removal method. There are two you can choose from.
Other forms of spam email including phishing attacks which are designed to trick you into providing your personal information such as passwords and account details. Antivirus software protects you from spam by scanning your emails for dangerous attachments and filtering spam from unknown or suspicious sources.In order to protect your computer from harmful viruses you should look for antivirus software that comes with a firewall. If a hacker sees your computer has a firewall it can deter them from trying to infiltrate your system. A firewall works by closing all the internet ports you are not using on your computer.
Automatic removal involves a few clicks. There is less risk involved. As a professional, I even use it myself, and recommend it as well to friends, family, and clients. The best feature of the automatic removal tools that I use is that the software I recommend protects the user’s PC against future malware mutations. Active protection against future viruses is extremely important, based on how many viruses are released every day.
The big problem with all of the people getting your product free is that they are potential customers that now will no longer buy your software. So you lose a lot of sales and a lot of profit in the process. Worse, the more people who get your product without paying, the more devalued your software becomes. The good news is, there are some things you can do to stop thieves and protect software, download pages, and digital downloads. And it is all much simpler, faster, and easier than you might think. The solution to all this is to get software protection and make sure that your download pages are secured.
Want to know more about software piracy, Get detailed information on code protection.
Tear Free Internet
Image by aforgrave SOPA was in the news today. Wikipedia was dark. Flickr had an optional "darkening" of photos to raise awareness.
The Daily Create assignment prompt: #tdcsopa – Create an image that reflects SOPA in your eyes.
There are many ways for a thief to perform his or her trade. In past decades, there were limited ways for thieves to steal. Most of them have perfected their craft with little chance of getting caught. However, with the ever-evolving Internet, thieves have a whole new venue for them to choose from. The latest product to come under the attack of theft is Software. With all of the software that is available and that is being developed, all a software pirate has to do is “choose” the software that they want from the Internet.
Software Piracy has been on the rise in recent years because of the cost that is associated with the software itself; however, it is the business and programmers who suffer the most from software piracy.
All software comes with a licensing agreement that the end user must agree to before they are allowed to use the software. These agreements are legal and binding and are usually only meant for the person who has purchased the software. However, even though the person agrees to this, they end up sharing the software with friends and family and sometimes even with their co-workers. When this occurs, it is considered software piracy. Although it is on a very small scale, it is still stealing.
Perhaps you and your co-workers are not aware of the consequences of sharing software files. In recent news stories, software piracy has become the focal point for many lawmakers. New laws have been passed that make fines for software piracy steep and jail time is a real possibility for those who continue to pirate software. The person who gets a hold of that software and turns around and sells it as bootleg certainly understands the penalty for getting caught. However, the temptation to make a lot of money for very little work proves to be too much for some to pass up.
Schools throughout the country and the world use commercial software and shareware. Most schools are eligible for discounts on software that allows their students to research their subjects. Freeware and Open Source software are also available to schools throughout the world, and this type of software is also vulnerable to software piracy. One way to reduce this particular piracy risk is to use older versions of the software.
Consumers have never had a high opinion of freeware or Open Source software. They have always felt that these products were lacking in performance and were very low quality. They are so wrong. In recent years, with the upgrades that have been developed, the quality of freeware has increased dramatically. The quality has increased so much, that the commercial software corporations have begun to take notice and protest that they are loosing money due to the freeware that is being developed.
When you are looking for software, it is important that you research all of your possibilities. There are literally thousands of programs both commercial and freeware, however it is important that you read and understand the licensing agreement before you accept it. It is a legal and binding agreement, and the consequences of breaking that agreement are also very real. It is also not necessary to commit software piracy, rather use the freely available Open Source products.
Image by DrCuervo
There are 2 bills before Congress, Stop Online Piracy (SOPA) and Protect IP (PIPA) that are supposed to end online piracy. But these bill go WAY too far. All it would take is ONE LINK on ANY website and that site could be shut down from the outside.
For more info on SOPA and PIPA visit fightforthefuture.org/pipa/
Contact your representative and tell them to DO NOT PASS THESE BILLS.
This image is released under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Creative Commons. Feel free to use it but do not change it. If you use it please give proper credit and like back to this photostream.
What would you say if you were told that you were losing thousands upon thousands of dollars on a piece of software that you have created and are trying to make a profit off of? Well, it is the truth. Software piracy is a problem that has brought the software industry to a near standstill, costing the industry billions of dollars each and every year in lost revenue, not to mention thousands upon thousands of software and IT jobs in the United States.
Something must be done about the issue of software piracy but what? Copyright infringement is a faceless crime; the victim is often the hard working programmer but the assailant could be anybody; you could look them in the face and not know who they are. For this reason, it is important to protect your digital media as much as you possibly can because of all intellectual property is it at the most risk of infringement by others, and those who can take advantage of a weak security process or a hole in programming certainly will.
The world is full of those who want to profit from something that they had no part in. It has been going on since the beginning of time and the only difference now is that technology has allowed people to take advantage of the work of others like never before, as well as giving them an even more efficient means of distributing and even profiting from the work of others. It seems you don’t have to have a software programming degree or experience to make money selling computer programs or similar digital media; all you have to do is be the proud owner of a CD or DVD burner and maybe even a few good hacking skills.
Good digital rights management techniques are necessary now more than ever before. Unfortunately it is another investment in its own but there are services out there that are making good digital rights management services more and more affordable, just to offset the enormous killing that software piracy is causing to the industry.
If you have created a software program, take the necessary steps to prevent it form being copied or utilized by others to make a profit. A computer program or video game, picture or e-book is just as important as a painting or novel and it is just as wrong to sell and distribute one as the other. Without having appropriate digital rights management procedures in place you are leaving yourself open to an unnamed amount of money in profits. Do the right thing and protect your digital property somehow or another.
Think of all of the digital media that flows through the internet, such as e-books, copyrighted images, articles, software, and other things. The internet is not as secure as it could and probably should be, and if you are one of those people who are using the computer and Internet to your advantage to gain a skill and gain something monetary from it, you are more at risk than ever before.
Just why is that, you ask? It is rather simple. As technology advances and gives you the tools and capabilities necessary to create innovative products it also gives other people out there license to take it and that can fast defeat the purpose of creating software to sell for profit in the first place.
If you were creating something for fair use and share with other people, digital rights management would not be important but in the case that you are creating something to make available to customers for a price, digital rights management is an important thing to take into consideration. For every person that takes your software or product and comes by it illegally or immorally, they are bound to share it with at least one person. That not only takes out of your pocket what you are due by their having possession of your product but it also doubles that due to their likelihood to share it with another person.
Luckily, there are services out there for people who do not have their own method of digital rights management in place. Service like Lock It Now! And Software Defender provides photographers, e-book creators and software entrepreneurs the opportunity to protect their product with an automated registration verification system, protecting you against repeat ‘refunders’ (those who order your product just to copy it and request a refund of their money, thereby having obtained your product for free).
Copyright infringement and software piracy are as real as any computer program, e-book or digital image out there so it is important to make sure that you take the necessary steps to protect your intellectual property from people who care not to pay for the things in life that they want.
Rod Beckwith is a successful software and services publisher that has created “Lock It Now!,” which protects digital products from piracy, refunds and chargebacks. For more info click on the link. Lock It Now!
A Bitcoin You Can Flip
Image by jurvetson
My son has become fascinated with bitcoins, and so I had to get him a tangible one for Xmas (thanks Sim1!). The public key is imprinted visibly on the tamper-evident holographic film, and the private key lies underneath.
I too was fascinated by digital cash back in college, and more specifically by the asymmetric mathematical transforms underlying public-key crypto and digital blind signatures.
I remembered a technical paper I wrote, but could not find it. A desktop search revealed an essay that I completely forgot, something that I had recovered from my archives of floppy discs (while I still could).
It is an article I wrote for the school newspaper in 1994. Ironically, Microsoft Word could not open this ancient Microsoft Word file format, but the free text editors could.
What a fun time capsule, below, with some choice naivetés…
I am trying to reconstruct what I was thinking, and wondering if it makes any sense. I think I was arguing that a bulletproof framework for digital cash (and what better testing ground) could be used to secure a digital container for executable code on a rental basis. So the expression of an idea — the specific code, or runtime service — is locked in a secure container. The idea would be to prevent copying instead of punishing after the fact. Micro-currency and micro-code seem like similar exercises in regulating the single use of an issued number.
Now that the Bitcoin experiment is underway, do you know of anyone writing about it as an alternative framework for intellectual property?
IP and Digital Cash
@NORMAL: Digital Cash and the “Intellectual Property” Oxymoron
By Steve Jurvetson
Many of us will soon be working in the information services or technology industries which are currently tangled in a bramble patch of intellectual property law. As the law struggles to find coherency and an internally-consistent logic for intellectual property (IP) protection, digital encryption technologies may provide a better solution — from the perspective of reducing litigation, exploiting the inherent benefits of an information-based business model, and preserving a free economy of ideas.
Bullet-proof digital cash technology, which is now emerging, can provide a protected “cryptographic container” for intellectual expressions, thereby preserving traditional notions of intellectual property that protect specific instantiations of an idea rather than the idea itself. For example, it seems reasonable that Intuit should be able to protect against the widespread duplication of their Quicken software (the expression of an idea), but they should not be able to patent the underlying idea of single-entry bookkeeping. There are strong economic incentives for digital cash to develop and for those techniques to be adapted for IP protection — to create a protected container or expression of an idea. The rapid march of information technology has strained the evolution of IP law, but rather than patching the law, information technology itself may provide a more coherent solution.
Information Wants To Be Free
Currently, IP law is enigmatic because it is expanding to a domain for which it was not initially intended. In developing the U.S. Constitution, Thomas Jefferson argued that ideas should freely transverse the globe, and that ideas were fundamentally different from material goods. He concluded that “Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property.” The issues surrounding IP come into sharp focus as we shift to being more of an information-based economy.
The use of e-mail and local TV footage helps disseminate information around the globe and can be a force for democracy — as seen in the TV footage from Chechen, the use of modems in Prague during the Velvet Revolution, and the e-mail and TV from Tianammen Square. Even Gorbachev used a video camera to show what was happening after he was kidnapped. What appears to be an inherent force for democracy runs into problems when it becomes the subject of property.
As higher-level programming languages become more like natural languages, it will become increasingly difficult to distinguish the idea from the code. Language precedes thought, as Jean-Louis Gassée is fond of saying, and our language is the framework for the formulation and expression of our ideas. Restricting software will increasingly be indistinguishable from restricting freedom of speech.
An economy of ideas and human attention depends on the continuous and free exchange of ideas. Because of the associative nature of memory processes, no idea is detached from others. This begs the question, is intellectual property an oxymoron?
Intellectual Property Law is a Patch
John Perry Barlow, former Grateful Dead lyricist and co-founder (with Mitch Kapor) of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, argues that “Intellectual property law cannot be patched, retrofitted or expanded to contain digitized expression… Faith in law will not be an effective strategy for high-tech companies. Law adapts by continuous increments and at a pace second only to geology. Technology advances in lunging jerks. Real-world conditions will continue to change at a blinding pace, and the law will lag further behind, more profoundly confused. This mismatch may prove impossible to overcome.”
From its origins in the Industrial Revolution where the invention of tools took on a new importance, patent and copyright law has protected the physical conveyance of an idea, and not the idea itself. The physical expression is like a container for an idea. But with the emerging information superhighway, the “container” is becoming more ethereal, and it is disappearing altogether. Whether it’s e-mail today, or the future goods of the Information Age, the “expressions” of ideas will be voltage conditions darting around the net, very much like thoughts. The fleeting copy of an image in RAM is not very different that the fleeting image on the retina.
The digitization of all forms of information — from books to songs to images to multimedia — detaches information from the physical plane where IP law has always found definition and precedent. Patents cannot be granted for abstract ideas or algorithms, yet courts have recently upheld the patentability of software as long as it is operating a physical machine or causing a physical result. Copyright law is even more of a patch. The U.S. Copyright Act of 1976 requires that works be fixed in a durable medium, and where an idea and its expression are inseparable, the merger doctrine dictates that the expression cannot be copyrighted. E-mail is not currently copyrightable because it is not a reduction to tangible form. So of course, there is a proposal to amend these copyright provisions. In recent rulings, Lotus won its case that Borland’s Quattro Pro spreadsheet copied elements of Lotus 123’s look and feel, yet Apple lost a similar case versus Microsoft and HP. As Professor Bagley points out in her new text, “It is difficult to reconcile under the total concept and feel test the results in the Apple and Lotus cases.” Given the inconsistencies and economic significance of these issues, it is no surprise that swarms of lawyers are studying to practice in the IP arena.
Back in the early days of Microsoft, Bill Gates wrote an inflammatory “Open Letter to Hobbyists” in which he alleged that “most of you steal your software … and should be kicked out of any club meeting you show up at.” He presented the economic argument that piracy prevents proper profit streams and “prevents good software from being written.” Now we have Windows.
But seriously, if we continue to believe that the value of information is based on scarcity, as it is with physical objects, we will continue to patch laws that are contrary to the nature of information, which in many cases increases in value with distribution. Small, fast moving companies (like Netscape and Id) protect their ideas by getting to the marketplace quicker than their larger competitors who base their protection on fear and litigation.
The patent office is woefully understaffed and unable to judge the nuances of software. Comptons was initially granted a patent that covered virtually all multimedia technology. When they tried to collect royalties, Microsoft pushed the Patent Office to overturn the patent. In 1992, Software Advertising Corp received a patent for “displaying and integrating commercial advertisements with computer software.” That’s like patenting the concept of a radio commercial. In 1993, a DEC engineer received a patent on just two lines of machine code commonly used in object-oriented programming. CompuServe announced this month that they plan to collect royalties on the widely used GIF file format for images.
The Patent Office has issued well over 12,000 software patents, and a programmer can unknowingly be in violation of any them. Microsoft had to pay 0MM to STAC in February 1994 for violating their patent on data compression. The penalties can be costly, but so can a patent search. Many of the software patents don’t have the words “computer,” “software,” “program,” or “algorithm” in their abstracts. “Software patents turn every decision you make while writing a program into a legal risk,” says Richard Stallman, founder of the League for Programming Freedom. “They make writing a large program like crossing a minefield. Each step has a small chance of stepping on a patent and blowing you up.” The very notion of seventeen years of patent protection in the fast moving software industry seems absurd. MS-DOS did not exist seventeen years ago.
IP law faces the additional wrinkle of jurisdictional issues. Where has an Internet crime taken place? In the country or state in which the computer server resides? Many nations do not have the same intellectual property laws as the U.S. Even within the U.S., the law can be tough to enforce; for example, a group of music publishers sued CompuServe for the digital distribution of copyrighted music. A complication is that CompuServe has no knowledge of the activity since it occurs in the flood of bits transferring between its subscribers
The tension seen in making digital copies revolves around the issue of property. But unlike the theft of material goods, copying does not deprive the owner of their possessions. With digital piracy, it is less a clear ethical issue of theft, and more an abstract notion that you are undermining the business model of an artist or software developer. The distinction between ethics and laws often revolves around their enforceability. Before copy machines, it was hard to make a book, and so it was obvious and visible if someone was copying your work. In the digital age, copying is lightning fast and difficult to detect. Given ethical ambiguity, convenience, and anonymity, it is no wonder we see a cultural shift with regard to digital ethics.
Piracy, Plagiarism and Pilfering
We copy music. We are seldom diligent with our footnotes. We wonder where we’ve seen Strat-man’s PIE and the four slices before. We forward e-mail that may contain text from a copyrighted news publication. The SCBA estimates that 51% of satellite dishes have illegal descramblers. John Perry Barlow estimates that 90% of personal hard drives have some pirated software on them.
Or as last month’s Red Herring editorial points out, “this atmosphere of electronic piracy seems to have in turn spawned a freer attitude than ever toward good old-fashioned plagiarism.” Articles from major publications and WSJ columns appear and circulate widely on the Internet. Computer Pictures magazine replicated a complete article on multimedia databases from New Media magazine, and then publicly apologized.
Music and voice samples are an increasingly common art form, from 2 Live Crew to Negativland to local bands like Voice Farm and Consolidated. Peter Gabriel embraces the shift to repositioned content; “Traditionally, the artist has been the final arbiter of his work. He delivered it and it stood on its own. In the interactive world, artists will also be the suppliers of information and collage material, which people can either accept as is, or manipulate to create their own art. It’s part of the shift from skill-based work to decision-making and editing work.”
But many traditionalists resist the change. Museums are hesitant to embrace digital art because it is impossible to distinguish the original from a copy; according to a curator at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, “The art world is scared to death of this stuff.” The Digital Audio Tape debate also illustrated the paranoia; the music industry first insisted that these DAT recorders had to purposely introduce static into the digital copies they made, and then they settled for an embedded code that limited the number of successive copies that could be made from the a master source.
For a healthier reaction, look at the phenomenally successful business models of Mosaic/Netscape and Id Software, the twisted creator of Doom. Just as McAfee built a business on shareware, Netscape and Id encourage widespread free distribution of their product. But once you want support from Netscape, or the higher levels of the Doom game, then you have to pay. For industries with strong demand-side economies of scale, such as Netscape web browsers or Safe-TCL intelligent agents, the creators have exploited the economies of information distribution. Software products are especially susceptible to increasing returns with scale, as are networking products and most of the information technology industries.
Yet, the Software Publishers Association reports that 1993 worldwide losses to piracy of business application software totaled .45 billion. They also estimated that 89% of software units in Korea were counterfeit. And China has 29 factories, some state-owned, that press 75 million pirated CDs per year, largely for export. GATT will impose the U.S. notions of intellectual property on a world that sees the issue very differently.
Clearly there are strong economic incentives to protect intellectual property, and reasonable arguments can be made for software patents and digital copyright, but the complexities of legal enforcement will be outrun and potentially obviated by the relatively rapid developments of another technology, digital cash and cryptography.
Digital Cash and the IP Lock
Digital cash is in some ways an extreme example of digital “property” — since it cannot be copied, it is possessed by one entity at a time, and it is static and non-perishable. If the techniques for protecting against pilferage and piracy work in the domain of cash, then they can be used to “protect” other properties by being embedded in them. If I wanted to copy-protect an “original” work of digital art, digital cash techniques be used as the “container” to protect intellectual property in the old style. A bullet-proof digital cash scheme would inevitably be adapted by those who stand to gain from the current system. Such as Bill Gates.
Several companies are developing technologies for electronic commerce. On January 12, several High-Tech Club members attended the Cybermania conference on electronic commerce with the CEOs of Intuit, CyberCash, Enter TV and The Lightspan Partnership. According to Scott Cook, CEO of Intuit, the motivations for digital cash are anonymity and efficient small-transaction Internet commerce. Anonymity preserves our privacy in the age of increasingly intrusive “database marketing” based on credit card purchase patterns and other personal information. Of course, it also has tax-evasion implications. For Internet commerce, cash is more efficient and easier to use than a credit card for small transactions.
“A lot of people will spend nickels on the Internet,” says Dan Lynch of CyberCash. Banks will soon exchange your current cash for cyber-tokens, or a “bag of bits” which you can spend freely on the Internet. A competitor based in the Netherlands called DigiCash has a Web page with numerous articles on electronic money and fully functional demo of their technology. You can get some free cash from them and spend it at some of their allied vendors.
Digital cash is a compelling technology. Wired magazine calls it the “killer application for electronic networks which will change the global economy.” Handling and fraud costs for the paper money system are growing as digital color copiers and ATMs proliferate. Donald Gleason, President of the Smart Card Enterprise unit of Electronic Payment Services argues that “Cash is a nightmare. It costs money handlers in the U.S. alone approximately billion a year to move the stuff… Bills and coinage will increasingly be replaced by some sort of electronic equivalent.” Even a Citibank VP, Sholom Rosen, agrees that “There are going to be winners and losers, but everybody is going to play.”
The digital cash schemes use a blind digital signature and a central repository to protect against piracy and privacy violations. On the privacy issue, the techniques used have been mathematically proven to be protected against privacy violations. The bank cannot trace how the cash is being used or who is using it. Embedded in these schemes are powerful digital cryptography techniques which have recently been spread in the commercial domain (RSA Data Security is a leader in this field and will be speaking to the High Tech Club on January 19).
To protect against piracy requires some extra work. As soon as I have a digital bill on my Mac hard drive, I will want to make a copy, and I can. (Many companies have busted their picks trying to copy protect files from hackers. It will never work.). The difference is that I can only spend the bill once. The copy is worthless. This is possible because every bill has a unique encrypted identifier. In spending the bill, my computer checks with the centralized repository which verifies that my particular bill is still unspent. Once I spend it, it cannot be spent again. As with many electronic transactions today, the safety of the system depends on the integrity of a centralized computer, or what Dan Lynch calls “the big database in the sky.”
One of the most important limitations of the digital cash techniques is that they are tethered to a transaction between at least three parties — a buyer, seller and central repository. So, to use such a scheme to protect intellectual property, would require networked computers and “live” files that have to dial up and check in with the repository to be operational. There are many compelling applications for this, including voter registration, voting tabulation, and the registration of digital artwork originals.
When I asked Dan Lynch about the use of his technology for intellectual property protection, he agreed that the bits that now represent a bill could be used for any number of things, from medical records to photographs. A digital photograph could hide a digital signature in its low-order bits, and it would be imperceptible to the user. But those bits could be used with a registry of proper image owners, and could be used to prove misappropriation or sampling of the image by others.
Technology author Steven Levy has been researching cryptography for Wired magazine, and he responded to my e-mail questions with the reply “You are on the right track in thinking that crypto can preserve IP. I know of several attempts to forward plans to do so.” Digital cash may provide a “crypto-container” to preserve traditional notions of intellectual property.
The transaction tether limits the short-term applicability of these schemes for software copy protection. They won’t work on an isolated computer. This certainly would slow its adoption for mobile computers since the wireless networking infrastructure is so nascent. But with Windows ’95 bundling network connectivity, soon most computers will be network-ready — at least for the Microsoft network. And now that Bill Gates is acquiring Intuit, instead of dollar bills, we will have Bill dollars.
The transaction tether is also a logistical headache with current slow networks, which may hinder its adoption for mass-market applications. For example, if someone forwards a copyrighted e-mail, the recipient may have to have their computer do the repository check before they could see the text of the e-mail. E-mail is slow enough today, but in the near future, these techniques of verifying IP permissions and paying appropriate royalties in digital cash could be background processes on a preemptive multitasking computer (Windows ’95 or Mac OS System 8). The digital cash schemes are consistent with other trends in software distribution and development — specifically software rental and object-oriented “applets” with nested royalty payments. They are also consistent with the document-centric vision of Open Doc and OLE.
The user of the future would start working on their stationary. When it’s clear they are doing some text entry, the word processor would be downloaded and rented for its current usage. Digital pennies would trickle back to the people who wrote or inspired the various portions of the core program. As you use other software applets, such as a spell-checker, it would be downloaded as needed. By renting applets, or potentially finer-grained software objects, the licensing royalties would be automatically tabulated and exchanged, and software piracy would require heroic efforts. Intellectual property would become precisely that — property in a market economy, under lock by its “creator,” and Bill Gates’ 1975 lament over software piracy may now be addressed 20 years later.
——–end of paper———–
On further reflection, I must have been thinking of executable code (where the runtime requires a cloud connect to authenticate) and not passive media. Verification has been a pain, but perhaps it’s seamless in a web-services future. Cloud apps and digital cash depend on it, so why not the code itself.
I don’t see it as particularly useful for still images (but it could verify the official owner of any unique bundle of pixels, in the sense that you can "own" a sufficiently large number, but not the essence of a work of art or derivative works). Frankly, I’m not sure about non-interactive content in general, like pure video playback. "Fixing" software IP alone would be a big enough accomplishment.
As the Internet is evolving, it’s becoming easier and easier to download and stream movies and music illegally. How badly is this hurting the entertainment industry? Laci discusses a shocking new study saying that a good amount of people that pirate content also purchase a lot of music and movies!
Go to http://www.audiblepodcast.com/dnews to get a FREE Audiobook of your choice when you sign up today.
File-Sharers Buy 30% More Music Than Non-P2P Peers
“One of the most comprehensive studies into media sharing and consumption habits in the United States and Germany reveals that file-sharers buy 30% more music than their non-sharing counterparts.”
Study Finds Pirates 10 Times More Likely To Buy Music
“Piracy may be the bane of the music industry but according to a new study, it may also be its engine. A report from the BI Norwegian School of Management has found that those who download music illegally are also 10 times more likely to pay for songs than those who don’t.”
Portsmouth University Study Show Movie Pirates’ Motives
“People who illegally download billions of pounds worth of movies also love going to the cinema and do not mind paying to watch movies, according to researchers at the University of Portsmouth.”
No Stopping Illegal Downloads
TestTube Wild Card
Will Internet Kill Religion?
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Almost from the first computer software commercially sold, software pirates have flourished. The international trade in pirated software mirrors criminal activities of other kinds such as drug trafficking – it has its own subculture, jargon, and connections.
It is important to distinguish between stolen software and free or open source software. In fact, the vast majority of software available even today is:
* open source – the source code is available and the software is released under public use for learning, modification, and even redistribution. * freeware – written by students and hobbyists and given away for free without source code. * free software – free as in “freedom”, open source under the GNU public license. * shareware – given away as a sample with the option to pay a small fee to get the full version. * demoware – given away as a free sample of a commercial product. * charityware – like freeware or shareware, but the user is urged to donate to a charity as “payment” if they feel motivated to.
“Pirated software”, as opposed to the above categories, is software produced by a commercial company and sold to the public under a restrictive proprietary license, which has then had its copy-protection cracked and is now being illegally resold or traded.
Originally, there was no such thing as software piracy, because programs to run on computers were simply seen as a non-income commodity. All software was free and open, with computer labs, government contractors, and college students all freely writing and sharing software. then the idea that software could be sold for money took hold, as computers matured and showed up on the home market. Many in the computing community took offense to this notion, and so there is an undercurrent of resentment and justification felt even today, along with the pure profit motive.
The original software pirates were the “Warez Kids”. These were hobbyist home computer owners who put up bulletin board systems, abbreviated to “BBS”s, for the purpose of posting free copies of cracked software titles online. The “free” part actually means that you have to upload some of your own cracked software before downloading the BBS-hosted supply, and thus this was termed a ‘ratio’ site, where typically you’d have to upload two programs for every one you downloaded.
The “Warez” name comes from a deliberate misspelling of “wares”, for software, and the “cute” misspelling of words is a distinct marker of the culture. Thus, at the same site where you obtain “warez”, you might also get “filez” (illicit copies of private documents, manuals, and such), “codez” (cheat codes for cracking software), “serialz” (serial numbers which unlock software for paid use), “numberz” (stolen credit card numbers on the side), “Pr0n” (for pornographic media) and so on. The creative typing gets much more elaborate, with permutations such as “DO0d” for dude, “1337” for elite, etc. Much of this slang is now tracked by online references such as the famous Jargon File. Note that not everybody who types like this online is a software pirate; general Internet users have quickly adopted warez terms as a humorous irony.
Today’s permutation of the BBS culture is now the World Wide Web-hosted piracy websites, which have changed little but for the medium in which they are deployed. There is little distinction between pirated software and pirated media (such as ripped DVD movies, MP3 music files, and the like). The piracy market has moved out of basements of teenagers and become an international and mainstream business, quite possibly the world’s largest profitable business. The various laws and tolerance of different countries have ensured that the faceless software pirates online can anonymously hop their servers from one site to another, with very little hampering by authorities. For every site which gets busted, another one pops up.
In many countries outside the United States, software and especially media piracy is seen as no big deal and possibly even encouraged by their government. The prices for software in some countries are so high relative to their economy that stealing it is the only way they’d ever have it! Not to single out one country in a global problem, but a recent conference in Romania revealed that 80% of their software was cracked copies – this at a table where none less than Bill Gates, CEO of Microsoft Incorporated, himself was attending! Along with Microsoft, Adobe systems media software is the other owner of the two most frequently cracked and redistributed software brands.
The drive to halt piracy is a continuing struggle. It is an arms race, in which the companies come up with increasingly more elaborate means of locking down their software and pirates come up with better and better electronic “lockpicks”. The wide variety of “zero-day” exploits, in which software is cracked and posted online on the very same day it hits the market (accompanied by much bragging by the pirate) indicates the scope of the problem.
You can work to discourage this practice by:
* bringing these pirates to justice, using international cooperation between law enforcement agencies. Much of the Internet will thank you, even if it isn’t their software that is stolen, because pirates also clog the Internet with spam and viruses. * protect your network from linking to or visiting these sites. Amongst many, Google and other search engines remove these sites whenever they’re discovered, and various agencies online blacklist these sites as well. * encourage the use of free and open source software and copyright-free media such as work released under the creative commons license.
We have all heard of programs that allow you to share information, software, and music with other Internet users. This is often referred to as file sharing. Sometimes, file sharing is perfectly acceptable, such as when people are sharing free information or open source and free software programs. However, the ease of sharing these files also makes it very easy to share software that is copyrighted. This is considered software piracy and it is very much against the law.
If you have ever taken part in software piracy, then you have put yourself at risk of facing legal consequences. Different countries have varying laws and punishments pertaining to piracy of software and other intellectual property. However, if you live in the United States of America you may face criminal charges and fines of up to $ 250,000. Other countries like Sweden and Germany also have stringent piracy laws.
If you participate in peer to peer file sharing programs, then there is a chance that you may be caught by authorities. U.S. Federal agents regularly make sweeps of peer to peer file sharing networks in attempts to capture IP addresses of people who are participating in software piracy. Any time that you connect to another computer to take a pirated piece of software, you may actually be connecting to a Federal computer which will log your IP address and then be used to find your location.
Although it is tempting to get something for free, there is no way that participating in any kind of software piracy is worth it in the long run. There are incredibly steep fines and there is a chance that you will face jail time if you are caught. If you are unable to afford a piece of software, a good alternative would be to search the Internet for an open source program that is similar. Open source programs are completely free to use because they have been developed by the general Internet community and do not belong to any one person or group.
Image by brianjmatis
Much of the internet took part in a major protest today against the proposed SOPA and PIPA legistlation – laws that under the guise of fighting piracy would give the government the power to significantly damage the fundemantal openness of the internet. Google blacked out their logo. Wikipedia went dark. Wired censored their headlines.
When software is pirated, consumers, software developers, and resellers are harmed. The ever increasing availability of high speed internet must also surely play a large part in the piracy “market”. Software piracy gave a sharp awakening to copyright infringement counsels around the world. Those who knowingly use a copy of software “borrowed” from work or supplied by friends, who probably acquired it by the same means. If downloads are made available on the Internet, make sure that the publisher has authorized this distribution. The term software piracy is used in reference to the copying and selling for profit of copyrighted software without permission of the copyright holder.
Software Piracy is so rampant in Asia; it will be a surprise if any software maker claims profits from Asia. If you have ever taken part in software piracy, then you have put yourself at risk of facing legal consequences. The plaintiff led evidence by way of affidavits establishing their strong presence in the field of software and the ownership of computer programmes including various operating systems. In recent news, the software giant Microsoft is suing a reseller because of the sale of pirated software. Never provide a direct download link for your product–meaning never link to the product’s file on any server.
The government also intends to protect US intellectual property through various trade agreements. A number of factors contribute to the regional differences in piracy, including local-market size, the availability of pirated software. When you purchase a software package for your ministry, it’s not quite the same as buying a tangible item, such as a paper shredder. The coder has not included a few cardinal features in a demo edition, this returns piracy useless. The world is full of those who want to profit from something that they had no part in. One of the most popular forms of piracy is the use of one registered package on different systems. Computer game companies are one of the mostly impaired industries by pirates.
First and foremost the software can get you into a lot of trouble with the law; you could in fact face imprisonment or a heavy fine, from using various type of illegal software. Every year there are billions of dollars loses due to pirate software and the figure is increasing double digits each year. Watch out when you purchase a new computer that the software comes with the appropriate license documentation stating that the software you have is licensed properly.
En las últimas semanas he visto varios artículos y posts sobre el proyecto de ley S.O.P.A. que utilizan como ilustración fotos de platos de sopa. Ante este horror he hecho esta ilustración para el blog el manifiesto en la red. Si alguien quiere usarla , adelante!, es Dominio Público, repito.
In recent weeks I have seen several articles and posts on the SOPA bill using as illustration photos of soup ("sopa" in spanish) dishes. Facing with this horror I made this illustration for the blog themanifestoonthenet . So if you want to use it, go ahead!, Is Public Domain, I repeat.